Canada’s “Endangered Forests”

Canada’s globally significant Boreal Forest provides a wealth of ecological, economical, social and cultural benefits. Yet the most biologically diverse areas in the Boreal Forest are allocated to forestry, and most of these areas are logged or roaded. The areas that remain untouched are rare and under increasing threat. These are “Endangered Forests.” The fate of threatened wildlife species, such as woodland caribou, as well as other ecological values like biodiversity, air and water quality and carbon storage rest in the balance.

Situation critical: Canada’s “Endangered Forests”

Canada, home to nearly a quarter of the world’s remaining intact forests, is rapidly losing its pristine ecosystems to development and logging. In 2012, Greenpeace commissioned Global Forest Watch Canada to produce an analysis of the last large intact regions of Canada’s Boreal Forest that are open to logging development.

Five “Endangered Forest” areas of extraordinary ecological value were identified as being under severe threat from industrial development in the absence of scientifically-grounded conservation planning.

Resolute Forest Products is operating and sourcing from ”Endangered Forests,” threatening critical caribou habitat and failing to embrace the latest science that indicates that vast areas of forest must be protected from development. Greenpeace is standing up against Resolute’s destructive practices because the forest can’t defend itself.

#StandForForests to help protect this critical habitat and add your name to the Guardian Tree as a symbol of our shared resolve to protect Canadian forests.

Click on the map to get to know each one of these spectacular forests.

Pathway to solutions

Greenpeace’s vision for the Boreal Forest is for people, communities, industry and forest to work in harmony instead of in competition. With only 8 per cent of Canada’s forest area protected by legislation, we believe that a large network of protected areas including these “Endangered Forests” is vital to preserve the health of the Boreal Forest. A robust network or protected areas, alongside responsible harvesting, will deliver sustainable economies, resilient communities and a healthy forest.

Greenpeace believes in practical solutions and is working to create these lasting solutions by collaborating with provincial and Indigenous governments, customers and logging companies who are looking to embrace on-the-ground change in a meaningful timeframe.




Learn more about how Greenpeace plans to work with companies by reading Boreal Alarm: A wake up call for action in Canada’s Endangered Forests.

The leaders

Many large companies, such as Rona, Kimberly-Clark, and Office Depot, have already adopted policies that restrict the purchase of products from "Endangered and High Conservation Value Forests." Greenpeace is calling on all stakeholders and decision-makers, including large corporate customers, logging companies and provincial governments, to stop logging in these areas until proper conservation plans are in place.

Around the world, Greenpeace has a proven track record for successful collaboration with companies based upon strong work plans and respect for Indigenous people’s rights and title. Ongoing collaborations with companies in Canada’s Great Bear Rainforest, Brazil’s Amazon and Indonesia have all reduced the threat to forests globally.

Destructive logging in Resolute managed forest

The threats

Resolute Forest Products (formerly AbitibiBowater) is one of the largest logging companies in Canada. Operating in Ontario and Quebec, Resolute manages and operates in some of the most ecologically valuable and vulnerable areas left in the Boreal Forest. Learn more about how Resolute is destroying critical caribou habitat and “Endangered Forests.”

Resolute is involved in disputes with First Nations communities where logging is occurring without their consent. Its operations threaten iconic species such as the woodland caribou. It has courted controversy with its impact on local communities and labour disputes. Other environmental groups have decried the company’s unwillingness to do even the “minimum” required by science to achieve meaningful conservation of the Boreal Forest.

And now it has slapped Greenpeace with a  $7 million lawsuit for standing up for the forest. But the forest can’t defend itself and Greenpeace won’t be silenced.

Take Action Now

The forest can’t defend itself. That’s why Greenpeace and two campaigners refuse to be silenced by a $7 million lawsuit by Resolute Forest Products for standing up to their reckless clear-cutting of Canada’s endangered Boreal Forest. Visit to help protect this critical habitat and add your name to the Guardian Tree as a symbol of our shared resolve to protect Canadian forests.

Forest product customers must also act

To support Boreal conservation, forest product customers must also show leadership and cease purchasing from “Endangered Forests.” The first step is to stop buying pulp, paper and lumber from Resolute Forest Products so long as the company continues to source from Canada’s “Endangered Forest” areas. Customers should encourage their suppliers to collaborate with First Nations, NGOs and unions to craft science-based solutions that protect “Endangered Forests” and support healthy communities.