Page - May 27, 2009

Greenpeace Canada Redlist

Fishery Facts

Latin Name Lophius Americanus, Lophius budegassa, Lophius piscatorius

Other Common Name Headfish, goosefish, anglerfish, molligut, bellyfish, lawyerfish, fishing frog

Fishing Method Bottom trawls and gillnets, or as bycatch in the scallop fisher where it is caught using scallop dredge

Region of Harvest Monkfish are found on sand, mud and broken shell bottoms from the Grand Banks and northern Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada south to Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. They are also found in the northeast, central and southeast Atlantic and Mediterranean.


 Baudroie d'Amérique
Why is it on the red list?   Biology

1. Because monkfish live in waters over 2,625 feet in depth and are caught with bottom trawlers, the seafloor sustains heavy damage.

2. There is a high level of bycatch associated with monkfish, including deep-sea and cold-water corals and sponges, skates, yellow tail flounder, and loggerhead sea turtles.

3. The use of beam trawls in some fisheries has resulted in extremely high discard rates of other species, meaning they are caught as bycatch and thrown back to sea.

1. Monkfish live 9-12 years and reach maturity between 4 and 5 years.

2. Monkfish are sedentary bottom-dwellers that feed on various fish and invertebrate species.

3. Monkfish can survive in a wide range of temperatures, anywhere from 0-21°C.