D'après le journal britannique très sérieux The Independent, une dizaine d'humains malades en Russie ont été utilisés en 1998 comme cobayes pour tester une pomme de terre génétiquement modifiée de Monsanto. Lorsque cette pomme de terre OGM à été testée sur des rats, le coeur et la prostate de ces derniers ont perdu du poids. Monsanto a utilisé les résultats de ces tests de trois semaines sur les humains pour déclarer qu'il n'y avait pas de problèmes... Au moins, la Russie et une quarantaire d'autres pays ont adopté depuis l'étiquetage obligatoire. Pendant ce temps au Québec...
Sick people used like laboratory rats in GM trials
By Geoffrey Lean, Environment Editor
04 March 2007
Genetically modified potatoes developed by Monsanto, the multinational
biotech company, have been fed to sick patients in an experiment. Rats
that ate similar potatoes in the research suffered reductions in the
weight of their hearts and prostate glands.
Dr Michael Antoniou, reader in molecular genetics at Guy's, King's and
St Thomas' School of Medicine, said use of humans was "irresponsible and
totally unethical, especially when already ill subjects were enrolled.
These people truly were guinea pigs." Other scientists said the trials
were too short, on too few people, to give meaningful results of
Monsanto said the vegetables were safe, and the researchers conducting
the experiment said effects on the rats were within "permissible" limits.
The experiment is described in a hitherto unpublished report by the
Nutrition Institute of the Russian Academy of Medical Science, done "by
agreement with Monsanto Company" in 1998.
The report says "10 patients suffering from hypertensive disease and
ischemic heart disease" were fed a pound of the Russet Burbank potatoes
- modified to resist Colorado beetles - every day for three weeks, and
It goes on: "A certain risk of GM food products for human health does
exist, as there can be by-effects of inserted genes besides the designed
ones." The report describes the patients as "volunteers" and says they
liked the GM potato so much they all "expressed their intention to
consume it at home".
After comparing them with 10 other patients fed conventional potatoes,
the report concludes: "The genetically modified potato provided by
Monsanto did not reveal toxic, mutagenic, immune modulating and allergic
effects within the examined parameters of the present experiment".
It recommended the GM potatoes "can be used for human nutrition purposes
in further epidemiological research". The report says the rats, tested
over six months, suffered "increases of kidneys' absolute weight" when
compared to ones fed conventional potatoes but that all changes were
"within permissible physiological fluctuation".
But Dr Irina Ermakova, of the Russian Academy of Science, calls the GM
potatoes "dangerous" for rats, adding: "On this evidence, they cannot be
used in the nourishment of people".
Tony Coombs from Monsanto UK said in a statement: "Potatoes genetically
improved to prevent Colorado beetle destroying the crop have already
been consumed, as safely as conventional or organic ones, in North
America for years."