Coal mines are like huge scars on the landscape. They damage water resources, cause subsidence, pollution, and ecological damage to the surrounding area.
The report, The True Cost of Coal, outlines the external costs to China of using coal by including the costs of air and water pollution, ecosystem degradation, damage to infrastructure, human injuries and loss of life, and takes into account the distortion of government regulations.
"Environmental and social damages are underestimated while using coal in China, as a result of market failures and weakness in government regulations", said economist Mao Yushi, lead author of the Report. "In order to address these problems, China needs to count these external costs and make the coal price reflect its true costs."
With each tonne of coal consumed in 2007 alone, China paid an extra RMB150 for environmental damage, the report shows. This figure does not factor in the costs of the impacts of climate change resulting from coal combustion, which would make China's coal bill significantly higher.
Chief Representative of the Energy Foundation Dr. Yang Fuqiang said, "It makes economic sense for the government to adjust the coal pricing system to reflect its true costs. Our recommended measures to internalize the external costs of coal include imposing energy and environmental taxes, improving coal resource compensation systems, deepening market-oriented reform of coal and improving liability rules."
The report points out that, despite a 23% coal price rise caused by the internalization measures, the plan would have little impact on China's economic growth. On the contrary, it would increase the total social wealth of China by RMB 942.3 billion, ultimately benefitting its people.
"Recognizing the true cost of coal would create incentives to developing cleaner, sustainable energy sources. The government should introduce an effective price signal for coal, which would ensure a massive improvement in energy efficiency and large-scale implementation of renewable energy. This would reduce China's environmental pollution and show its leadership in fighting climate change", urged Yang Ailun, Climate and Energy Campaign Manager of Greenpeace China.
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For the report (pdf): click here
Tom Wang: Chief Media Officer, Greenpeace China,
+86-10-65546931 ext 151; +86-13910902617;
Yang Ailun Climate and Energy Campaign Manager, Greenpeace China
+86-10-65546931 ext 106; +86-139 1051 4449
Cai Tao Communication Officer, Climate Change and Energy Programme, WWF China
+10-65227100 ext 3220;