Greenpeace Global Forest Rescue Station on the banks of Lake Murray. Greenpeace launches a major initiative to help protect Asia Pacific's last remaining ancient rainforests - the so-called 'Paradise Forests' - by unveiling its Global Forest Rescue Station in a remote part of Papua New Guinea.
'Sharing the Blame: Global Consumption and China's Role in Ancient Forest Destruction', documents illegally logged timber, particularly from the Paradise Forests of Asia Pacific (1), being shipped to China. There, it is made into furniture, flooring and plywood for domestic consumption and for export to satisfy the rising, global demand for inexpensive wood products.
China is now the world's largest importer of tropical woods: half of all tropical trees logged globally end up in China. Much of this wood comes from Indonesia and Papua New Guinea where between 76 to 90 per cent of the logging is illegal.
"Illegal logging is rampant in many of the countries that supply China with wood and this destructive trade is fueling the global forest crisis," said Sze Pang Cheung, deputy campaign director for Greenpeace China. "China has committed internationally to tackle this problem and must, together with all countries that import these wood products, take urgent concrete action to ban the trade in timber from illegal or destructive logging."
The report applauds some international buyers for starting to address the issue of illegal logging. Recently, numerous companies in Europe have committed to stop purchasing Chinese plywood made from illegally logged timber from Papua New Guinea. These include Wolseley (UK), PontMeyer (Netherlands), Castorama (France) and the French Federation of Timber Importers (Le Commerce du Bois).
However, the report concludes that the world's forests cannot sustain current consumption patterns in developed countries and China's escalating demand. China's hunger for wood is already driving more trees to be felled. In the last 10 years alone, its rising consumption levels accounted for half of the increase in global logging rates and its exports in wood products to developed countries increased 3.5 fold.
In the last 10 years alone, China's total consumption of wood products increased by 70%. A third of this was due to increase in exports of wood products and two third was due to increases in domestic consumption. Greenpeace warns that if China were to increase its per capita paper consumption to that of the USA, for example, this would require nearly 1.6 billion additional cubic metres of wood to be logged - equivalent to the Earth's entire yearly harvest.
Today, it is North America, Europe, Japan and other developed countries that consume more ancient forests than anyone else.
"There's massive over-consumption of wood products in developed regions such as North America and Europe," said Tamara Stark, international advisor to Greenpeace China. "If the world's ancient forests are to survive, consumption levels in these countries has to drop dramatically."
This month, China acknowledged that the environmental impact of consumption is a serious issue, with Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao's call to the country to reduce consumption of wood. Just last week, the Chinese Government announced a 5% consumption tax on hardwood flooring and disposable chopsticks.
"It's positive that China is taking steps to address wasteful consumption of wood products, but the scale pf the problem warrants nothing less than a new vision of development," said Sze Pang Cheung.
Greenpeace is urging China and the other 187 signatory nations to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), meeting in Curitiba, Brazil this week, to protect the world's last ancient forests by establishing a global network of protected forest areas, to ban the trade in illegally and destructively logged wood products and to introduce a legally binding mechanism under the CBD to combat illegal and destructive logging.
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Sharing the Blame
(1) The Paradise Forests stretch from South East Asia, across the islands of Indonesia and on towards Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands in the Pacific.