Tianjin blast update: hazardous chemicals in coastal cities and results of second field testing

Press release - 2015-08-21
Beijing, 21 August 2015-this media update contains two important findings: 1. Research results on the locations of hazardous chemicals warehouses in four other major ports; Shanghai, Ningbo, Guangzhou and Qingdao. 2. Results from Greenpeace East Asia’s Rapid Response Team’s latest cyanide testing.

1.       Hazardous chemicals warehouses in Shanghai, Ningbo, Guangzhou and Qingda

1. Using Remote Sensing and GIS spatial analysis, Greenpeace East Asia investigated the locations of hazardous chemical storage facilities in China’s four largest ports; Shanghai, Ningbo, Guangzhou and Qingdao. Findings show that all four ports contain hazardous chemical facilities whose location violates regulations stipulating a safety distance of 1000m from residential compounds, public buildings and public transportation facilities.

“The results of this research show that the tragedy which is unfolding in Tianjin could happen anywhere. Negligence and an alarming lack of enforcement of the regulations are widespread. Tianjin must be a wake up call for the authorities”, said Greenpeace East Asia Toxics Campaigner, Wu Yixiu.

Shanghai

Shanghai Gangcheng Hazardous Goods Logistics Company Ltd.

Shanghai, Pudong, Waigao Bridge, 6555 Zhangyang Beilu

Established 20 May 1999, its principal business is the import and export, loading and unloading, storage and transportation of hazardous chemicals. Shanghai Gangcheng Hazardous Goods Logistics Company Ltd. is invested in by Shanghai Port Group Logistics Company Ltd., Shanghai Port Group (Hong Kong) Company Ltd., Shanghai Hongchao Hailu United Transportation Company Ltd., and Shanghai Gangcheng Collective Investments Company Ltd., who together form Shanghai-Hong Kong Investments Co. Ltd.

The facility occupies a total area of 55,300m2.

Within 1000m of the facility there is a high school, elderly care home, a subway line and station, a long distance public transport hub and a large residential compound.

Spatial analysis of Shanghai Gangcheng Dangerous Goods Logistics Company Ltd. warehouse location and nearby public and residential facilities. The red block indicates the location of the warehouse. The green blocks indicate public transportation facilities. The yellow block indicates a large residential compound. The red line shows a radius of 1000m from the warehouse.

Shanghai Pudong Hongliang Hazardous Goods Storage Company Ltd.

Shanghai, Pudong, 3999 Shenjiang Road

The facility occupies a total area of over 60,000m2.

The company’s website states that this storage facility is no longer in use and that the company has moved to a new location named Haisheng Modern Logistics Park. However, information on the new warehouse could not be found online. Moreover, an analysis of time-series remote sensing images shows that the original warehouse still exists and that there has been consistent activity around the warehouse.

If the warehouse is still in use it is in direct violation of the distance regulations. Located within 1000m of the warehouse is the Pudong New District Committee Party School, the Pudong New District Socialism School, Zhangjiang District Government Services Center, Zhangjiang High-tech Park and the Jinqiao Center Elementary School, as well as a number of residential districts.

21 August 2015

Spatial analysis of Shanghai Pudong Hongliang Hazardous Goods Storage Company Ltd. warehouse location and nearby public and residential facilities. The red block indicates the location of the warehouse. The green blocks indicate public facilities. The yellow blocks residential compounds. The red line shows a radius of 1000m from the warehouse.


Ningbo

Ningbo Anda Hazardous Chemicals International Logistics Company Ltd. (NBAD)

Ningbo, Beilun District, 8 Suanshan Anda Road

NBAD is a major importer and exporter of dangerous chemicals containers.

The storage facility occupies a total area of 25,333m2, with an area of 12,000m2 occupied by hazardous chemicals shipping containers. Yearly transit capacity can reach 250,000 tons.

The facility is permitted to handle hazardous chemical types 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 and 9 (see here for information on hazardous chemical types).

There is a distance of only 300m between the NBAD facility and the Beilun District drinking water reservoir. Within 1000m of the facility there are a number of residential areas and a kindergarten.

21 August 2015

Spatial analysis of Ningbo Anda Hazardous Chemicals International Logistics Company Ltd. warehouse location and nearby public and residential facilities. Blue shows the reservoir. The green block indicates the location of the kindergarten. The yellow blocks indicate residential areas. The red line shows a radius of 1000m from the warehouse.

 

 

Guangzhou

Eastern Port Logistics (Guangzhou Company Ltd.), Huangpu Hazardous Goods Warehouse

Guangzhou, Huangpu District Geqiang Road storage tank area.

Established in 2002, the storage containers occupy a total area of 3000m2.

The company is permitted to store hazardous chemical types 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 4.1, 6.1, and 8.1. (see here for information on hazardous chemical types).

There is only 100m distance between the Geqiang Road storage tank area and national highway G107. Within 1000m of the storage facility there is a large residential compound, kindergarten, elementary school and a high school.

 

 

21 August 2015

Spatial analysis of Eastern Port Logistics (Guangzhou Company Ltd.), Huangpu Hazardous Goods Warehouse location and nearby public and residential facilities. The red block shows the location of the hazardous chemicals facility. The green blocks indicate two major roads. The yellow blocks indicate residential areas. The red line shows a radius of 1000m from the warehouse.

 

Qingdao

Qingdao Furuisen Hazardous Goods Warehouse

Qingdao, Huangdao District, S328

Qingdao Furuisen Hazardous Goods Warehouse was established in 2009 is licensed by the Shandong Administration of Work and Safety to handle and distribute hazardous chemicals, including acute toxicity chemicals.

It occupies a total area of 7000m2.

Within 1000m of the facility there are large residential areas, a port rail road and the S328 provincial highway.

21 August 2015

Spatial analysis of Qingdao Furuisen Hazardous Goods Warehouse location and nearby public and residential facilities. The red block indicates the location of the warehouse. The green blocks indicate major transportation links. The yellow blocks indicate residential compounds. The red line shows a radius of 1000m from the warehouse.

2. Cyanide testing results

On Thursday 20 August, Greenpeace East Asia’s Tianjin Rapid Response Team (RRTeam) tested open sources of water for traces of sodium cyanide in residential areas 5km, 3km and 1km from the blast site, as well as at the Haihe River bank where large quantities of dead fish were recently found. In total, water at seven sites was tested. 

21 August 2015

 

Sampling Equipment

Reagent 1- Japanese Brand; Model: WAK-CN;  testing range: under 0.02- 2mg/L

Reagent 2: German brand; Model: VisocolorECO Cyanid; testing range 0.01-0.20mg/L


Test Results Summary

21 August 2015

 

Greenpeace’s Demands

“This tragic incident, which has cost the lives of 116 citizens, has exposed major loopholes in this country’s regulation of  hazardous chemicals and should be a wake up call for authorities”, said Greenpeace East Asia Toxics Campaigner, Wu Yixiu.

A repeat of this kind of incident can only be avoided by ensuring management of hazardous chemicals is drastically improved and safety regulations strictly enforced. GPEA calls on the authorities to ensure:

  1. Regulations clearly state a safe distance between hazardous chemical storage warehouses and residential areas and ensure that this is strictly enforced.

  2. Information on hazardous chemicals storage is made fully available to the public, in particular to those who live in close to such storage facilities.

 

 

Categories