Earlier this month, three opinions by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)  identified significant risks to bees from the three most common neonicotinoids when used to coat seeds of certain crops, including sunflowers, rapeseed, cotton and maize. However, the Authority warned that it was unable to determine the risks of many other uses in conjunction with other crops, where abundant ‘data gaps’ existed. The Commission’s discussion paper acknowledges the evidence collected by EFSA, but stops short of recommending a precautionary ban on the use of neonicotinoids with all crops where EFSA could not assess risks.
Greenpeace EU agriculture policy director Marco Contiero said: “The Commission’s plan is a welcome first step to address the harmful effects of pesticides on bees. However, the Commission has stopped short of recommending a wider precautionary ban covering the use of neonicotinoids in cases where EFSA identified a crucial data gap. Decisive action is needed to protect our natural environment and Europe’s food production, which depends largely on pollinators like bees.”
According to the United Nations Environment Programme, 84% of the main 264 crops cultivated in Europe rely on animal pollination, chiefly by bees, while the great majority of wild plants (about 90%) rely on bee pollination . Neonicotinoids are already subject to partial bans in France, Germany, Italy and Slovenia. After several years, the farming industry’s claims that neonicotinoids are needed to prevent crop losses remain unfounded.
Greenpeace sustainable agriculture campaigner Matthias Wüthrich said: “In many parts of Europe bee populations are declining rapidly. A ban on a few hazardous pesticides is only a very limited safeguard. The disappearance of bees is just a symptom of a failed agricultural system based on the intensive use of chemicals, serving the interest of powerful corporations like Bayer and Syngenta. The only solution is a paradigm shift to sustainable agriculture and modern eco-farming practices.”
Notes to editors
 A Common Pesticide Decreases Foraging Success and Survival in Honey Bees, Science, April 2012: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/336/6079/348.abstract; and Neonicotinoid Pesticide Reduces Bumble Bee Colony Growth and Queen Production, Science, April 2012: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/336/6079/351.abstract
 UNEP Emerging Issues: Global Honey Bee Colony Disorder and Other Threats to Insect Pollinators, United Nations Environment Programme, 2010: http://www.unep.org/dewa/Portals/67/pdf/Global_Bee_Colony_Disorder_and_Threats_insect_pollinators.pdf
Marco Contiero – Greenpeace EU agriculture policy director: +32 (0)477 777034 (mobile),
Ed Davitt – Greenpeace EU communications officer: +32 (0)476 988584 (mobile),
This press release is also available on www.greenpeace.eu
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