Europe - 9 out of 10 fish stocks threatened

A cage full of bluefin tuna in the Mediterranean. Overfishing has driven the magnificent species close to commercial extinction.

 

The European Union governs the largest maritime zone in the world and, shamefully, one of the most degraded on the planet. After four decades of EU fisheries policies, nine out of ten fish stocks are overfished. Current fisheries management fails to protect and preserve both marine biodiversity and the people who depend on it.

Despite its many reforms, the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) has failed to ensure environmentally and economically sustainable fisheries. This is largely the result of bad political decision-making that favours the short-term economic interests of the fishing industry over science-based governance and sustainability, problems highlighted in a reflection paper prepared for the European Commission.

The ongoing reform of the CFP presents the EU with a once-in-a-decade opportunity, and possibly a last chance, to reverse these trends. It must stop overfishing, recover the current poor state of fish populations to healthy levels and complete the establishment of national networks of marine reserves. 

Greenpeace calls on all EU governments to:

  • reduce their excessive fishing fleet capacity and end destructive and wasteful fishing practices;
  • increase the area that is protected as marine reserves to 40%;
  • make scientifically recommended catch levels a minimum requirement;
  • ensure transparency in decision-making and data-handling as well as traceability for seafood products.

Failing fisheries come at a high price. The World Bank recently calculated that failing fisheries management is costing the world around $50 billion annually and the UN Green Economy report warns that – under business as usual scenarios – the world’s fisheries will have been reduced to a third of their 1970’s levels by 2050. It therefore urges policy makers to accelerate investments in the restoration of ecosystems.

Without fish there can be no fishing. Many fishermen already operate at a loss and more than half the seafood on the European market has to be imported. The CFP reform may be our last chance to protect our seas so future generations can enjoy their benefits.

The latest updates

 

Green 8 Review of the Sustainable Development Strategy

Publication | August 1, 2004 at 0:00

What happened to the 80 commitments?

Rescuing the North and Baltic Seas: Marine Reserves – a key tool

Publication | July 1, 2004 at 0:00

This report describes the multiple threats now jeopardising the marine life and ecology of the North Sea and Baltic Sea. It proposes an approach to countering these threats involving the establishment of networks of large-scale marine reserves in...

Towards a Green EU Constitution

Publication | August 20, 2003 at 0:00

This paper presents the view of the leading European environmental organisations on the draft European Constitution. We present simple, realistic and concrete suggestions for amendments to the text of the draft Constitution as finalised by the...

Greening part three of the proposed draft constitution of the European Union.

Publication | June 17, 2003 at 0:00

The current revision of the European Treaties and the drafting of a Constitution for the European Union creates a unique opportunity to provide the EU with legal frameworks for truly innovative policies that would make the EU the world leader in...

Roadmap to Recovery: A global network of marine reserves

Publication | January 1, 1999 at 0:00

Marine reserves are the most powerful tool available for the conservation of ocean wildlife and may also benefit fisheries by promoting recovery and reproduction of exploited species. In this report we present a design for a global network of...

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