Europe - 9 out of 10 fish stocks threatened

A cage full of bluefin tuna in the Mediterranean. Overfishing has driven the magnificent species close to commercial extinction.

 

The European Union governs the largest maritime zone in the world and, shamefully, one of the most degraded on the planet. After four decades of EU fisheries policies, nine out of ten fish stocks are overfished. Current fisheries management fails to protect and preserve both marine biodiversity and the people who depend on it.

Despite its many reforms, the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) has failed to ensure environmentally and economically sustainable fisheries. This is largely the result of bad political decision-making that favours the short-term economic interests of the fishing industry over science-based governance and sustainability, problems highlighted in a reflection paper prepared for the European Commission.

The ongoing reform of the CFP presents the EU with a once-in-a-decade opportunity, and possibly a last chance, to reverse these trends. It must stop overfishing, recover the current poor state of fish populations to healthy levels and complete the establishment of national networks of marine reserves. 

Greenpeace calls on all EU governments to:

  • reduce their excessive fishing fleet capacity and end destructive and wasteful fishing practices;
  • increase the area that is protected as marine reserves to 40%;
  • make scientifically recommended catch levels a minimum requirement;
  • ensure transparency in decision-making and data-handling as well as traceability for seafood products.

Failing fisheries come at a high price. The World Bank recently calculated that failing fisheries management is costing the world around $50 billion annually and the UN Green Economy report warns that – under business as usual scenarios – the world’s fisheries will have been reduced to a third of their 1970’s levels by 2050. It therefore urges policy makers to accelerate investments in the restoration of ecosystems.

Without fish there can be no fishing. Many fishermen already operate at a loss and more than half the seafood on the European market has to be imported. The CFP reform may be our last chance to protect our seas so future generations can enjoy their benefits.

The latest updates

 

What we think of the 2011 CFP reform proposal

Publication | November 1, 2011 at 14:52

This document gives in 14 pages Greenpeace's reaction to the European Commission's proposed Common Fisheries Policy reform.

Until the very last fish

Publication | October 17, 2011 at 9:00

In this issue of the Ocean Inquirer, we show how the CFP is financially supporting the ecological crime of deep sea bottom trawling, with a spotlight on France and Spain, the two biggest players in this destructive and economically unviable fishery.

Reforming EU fisheries subsidies - a joint NGO discussion paper and technical resource

Publication | October 2, 2011 at 12:29

Widespread overcapacity in the EU fishing fleet has led to 70 percent of European fish stocks being fished above maximum sustainable yield, with untold damage done to global fish stocks where the EU is also active. Without urgent change, only...

Wide open to abuse: the Common Fisheries Policy

Publication | October 2, 2011 at 7:00

The future of Europe’s seas is in jeopardy under an ageing 30-year-old Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). Corrupted by greedy stakeholders, cynical political bargaining and illegal conduct, this CFP has failed to achieve its core objective:...

Turning the tide on European overfishing (also available in French and Spanish)

Publication | July 12, 2011 at 9:00

An accessible nine page booklet explaining Europe's role in ocean distruction and the need for fisheries reform.

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