Europe - 9 out of 10 fish stocks threatened

A cage full of bluefin tuna in the Mediterranean. Overfishing has driven the magnificent species close to commercial extinction.

 

The European Union governs the largest maritime zone in the world and, shamefully, one of the most degraded on the planet. After four decades of EU fisheries policies, nine out of ten fish stocks are overfished. Current fisheries management fails to protect and preserve both marine biodiversity and the people who depend on it.

Despite its many reforms, the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) has failed to ensure environmentally and economically sustainable fisheries. This is largely the result of bad political decision-making that favours the short-term economic interests of the fishing industry over science-based governance and sustainability, problems highlighted in a reflection paper prepared for the European Commission.

The ongoing reform of the CFP presents the EU with a once-in-a-decade opportunity, and possibly a last chance, to reverse these trends. It must stop overfishing, recover the current poor state of fish populations to healthy levels and complete the establishment of national networks of marine reserves. 

Greenpeace calls on all EU governments to:

  • reduce their excessive fishing fleet capacity and end destructive and wasteful fishing practices;
  • increase the area that is protected as marine reserves to 40%;
  • make scientifically recommended catch levels a minimum requirement;
  • ensure transparency in decision-making and data-handling as well as traceability for seafood products.

Failing fisheries come at a high price. The World Bank recently calculated that failing fisheries management is costing the world around $50 billion annually and the UN Green Economy report warns that – under business as usual scenarios – the world’s fisheries will have been reduced to a third of their 1970’s levels by 2050. It therefore urges policy makers to accelerate investments in the restoration of ecosystems.

Without fish there can be no fishing. Many fishermen already operate at a loss and more than half the seafood on the European market has to be imported. The CFP reform may be our last chance to protect our seas so future generations can enjoy their benefits.

The latest updates

 

Agreement on new fisheries fund does not reflect progressive EU reform

Press release | April 16, 2014 at 14:30

The European Parliament (EP) endorsed today an agreement on the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF), which is the final step of the reform of the EU Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) (1).

Less talk, more action on global overfishing

Press release | March 14, 2014 at 9:52

Brussels – Ministers from some of the world’s largest fishing powers, including the EU, the US and Japan, gathered at a high-level international conference in Greece, reiterated commitments to reduce global fishing capacity and to ensure...

Greenpeace applauds European Parliament call to protect the Arctic

Press release | March 12, 2014 at 13:13

Brussels - Today’s European Parliament resolution calling on the European Commission, the EU’s External Action Services and EU governments to protect the fragile Arctic environment is an encouraging initiative, according to Greenpeace. The...

EU falls short of eliminating subsidies that fuel overfishing

Press release | January 29, 2014 at 10:01

Brussels – The European Parliament, EU governments and the Commission reached a political agreement last night on the new European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF), but the final deal could undermine efforts to improve fishing rules, said...

Fisheries Council: Greenpeace calls on ministers to focus on fish stock recovery

Press release | December 17, 2013 at 9:30

Brussels – As EU fisheries ministers convene in Brussels today to discuss the 2014 fish quotas, Greenpeace is calling on them to honour their commitment to end overfishing by 2015 by limiting catches to sustainable levels. Ministers will agree...

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