Stopping destructive development

Coastal ecosystems are a vital livelihood resource for millions of fishers, a protective barrier against storms, tidal surges and tsunamis and a source of recreation for millions. This makes coastal real estate the most prized for tourism, industries, aquaculture, nuclear and thermal power plants or ports – all of which leave behind a devastated coastal environment. Industry and sections of government are colluding to grab huge swathes of land in coastal India at the cost of local communities, the environment and biodiversity.

An example of coastal land grab is the rampant port proliferation that is changing the Indian coastline. Over 300 ports are proposed for the coast of mainland India – that’s an average of one every 25 km! Many of these are in or near mangroves, mud flats, nesting and breeding grounds for important marine creatures. But do we really need so many ports? Or is this a massive private land grab by gullible or corrupt government planners?

The Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) notification 1991 was originally meant to protect our coasts. It divided the coast into zones of varying ecological sensitivity and prohibited industrial activities in the most sensitive ones. However, over the last 20 years, the notification has been progressively diluted and weakened to suit industrial and ‘development’ interests. Greenpeace is demanding that the CRZ notification be strengthened and implemented so that industries and infrastructure projects can be kept away from the most eco-sensitive areas.

Campaign story

For several years, Greenpeace has been fighting the Tata Steel-L&T Dhamra port in Orissa, as an example of the threat that port development poses to the Indian coast. The port is now built, despite the threat it poses to the Bhitarkanika and Gahirmatha protected areas and species such as the Olive Ridley turtle, Horseshoe crab and Saltwater crocodile. However, it is essential that the mistakes of Dhamra are not repeated – we cannot afford more such ecological disasters.

By focusing on the wrongs of the Dhamra port, Greenpeace has highlighted the threat that ports in general pose to the Indian coast and lobbied for national level measures to ensure that rampant port development is checked.

Greenpeace is therefore demanding that the Ministry of Environment and Forests place protection of the coastal environment and dependent livelihoods above industrial concerns and prohibit the construction of new ports or expansion of existing ones within 25 km. of eco-sensitive areas.

The latest updates


Other Fish in the Sea

Publication | July 25, 2011 at 17:14

The United Artists Association (UAA)and Greenpeace India undertook an independent study in the Gahirmatha region to understand, examine and document perceptions and thoughts of fisher communities on income generation schemes and livelihood...

Analysis of the Turtle Season 2008-2009

Publication | June 30, 2009 at 16:21

In comparison to the previous year (2007-2008), turtle mortality in the Devi region has reduced by a marginal 8%. However, in comparison to the mean average of turtle mortality of 6,280 from 2002 – 2008 (6 turtle seasons), there has been an...

Greenpeace: Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra Port

Publication | June 8, 2007 at 3:30

Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa

An Introductory Manual to Sea Turtle Monitoring and Research Techniques

Publication | March 2, 2006 at 18:02

An introductory manual to fundamental sea turtle monitoring and research techniques. The report provides a comprehensive account of tools and skillsets that are used to monitor, record and analyse data on the nesting, mortality, congregation and...

Dhamra Chronology - marathi

Publication | April 26, 2005 at 3:30

Dhamra Chronology - Hindi

Publication | April 26, 2005 at 3:30

Dhamra Chronology - English

Publication | April 26, 2005 at 3:30

DHAMRA Briefing - marathi

Publication | April 26, 2005 at 3:30

Dhamra Briefing - Hindi

Publication | April 26, 2005 at 3:30

DHAMRA Briefing - English

Publication | April 26, 2005 at 3:30

1 - 10 of 10 results.