Safeguarding marine biodiversity

Marine reserves help protect and preserve areas of our oceans that are rich in biodiversity, ecologically significant and vulnerable to destruction. These areas are closed to all extractive uses, such as fishing, mining, oil exploration, waste dumping etc. There is growing scientific evidence suggesting that large-scale networks of marine reserves are urgently needed to protect marine species and their habitats.

Marine reserves are not just about preserving fish stocks. They are an essential global tool to protect entire ecosystems. Marine reserves will help increase the planet’s ability to adapt to the effects of climate change and carbon pollution.

Coastal seas can also be protected with the help of marine reserves. Here, marine reserves can have ‘core’ zones, where no human activities are allowed. These can be areas of scientific reference or areas having particularly sensitive habitats or species. Other areas may remain open to small-scale, sustainable, non-destructive fisheries. Greenpeace firmly believes that marine reserves must be declared only with the consent and participation of communities that stand to be affected by the reserve in question.

Campaign story:

Less than 0.3% of India’s waters (including the 2 million sq. km. Exclusive Economic Zone) are under some form of legal protection, where extraction is either prohibited or restricted. A large, economically disadvantaged population in India depends on fisheries and related activities for primary sustenance and livelihood. The high level of direct resource dependence coupled with a lack of community consultation has generated resistance towards many marine reserves on the coast of mainland India.

While fishing communities support measures to protect their fish resources, they want local communities to be involved in making decisions over which areas need to be protected, how and to what extent.

This was clear at a symposium on marine reserves organised by Greenpeace in 2007. The symposium was attended by fisher community representatives from across India.  These representative expressed support for marine reserves, set up with prior involvement of communities to protect marine resources from all threats. Thus, community involvement in designing and enforcing marine reserves in India, particularly in the coastal zone, is indispensable.  

Greenpeace is campaigning on Orissa’s east coast, to help the Gahirmatha marine sanctuary become a model for better biodiversity conservation and a tool for fisheries management that addresses potential conflicts between conservation and livelihoods. A successful model in Orissa will become reference for marine conservation in the rest of India.

The latest updates

 

Cancun leaves us with some hope

Blog entry by Siddharth Pathak, Picture:Elizabeth Ruiz / Greenpe | January 7, 2011

The Cancun climate summit, or COP 16, in terms of negotiation was a pleasant surprise after the debacle at Copenhagen. In Cancun, countries were able to achieve foundational progress on critical issues and come to a common...

कूल आईटी लीडर बोर्ड अंक 4

Publication | December 8, 2010 at 17:19

ग्रीनपीस द्वारा किये गये ताजा आंकलन के हिसाब से 17 विश्वस्तरीय सूचना एवं प्रौद्योगिकी (आईटी) कंपनियों के जलवायु नेतृत्व में अगुवाई करने के स्पष्ट संकेत हैं। साथ ही इस अगुवाई में निष्क्रिय रहने वाली आईटी कंपनियों को नकारात्‍मक प्वाइंट भी दिये गये...

Cool IT Leaderboard version 4

Publication | December 8, 2010 at 15:54

The latest assessment of 17 global information and technology (IT) companies by Greenpeace reveals signs of climate leadership and also gives penalty points for inaction, within a sector which could transform the market for clean energy. The IT...

Going Green with ICT in India

Blog entry by Kumi Naidoo | December 6, 2010

Executive Director of Greenpeace International Kumi Naidoo interacting with Greenpeace volunteers during his visit at the Greenpeace India office. Image: Greenpeace / Sudhanshu Malhotra On a recent visit to our Indian...

In the middle of the Cancun Mess

Blog entry by Deven Digwal | December 4, 2010

Hi! I am Deven, public engagement campaigner from Greenpeace India, at Cancun, Mexico. I am attended the COP 16 meeting on climate change here. The Conference of the Parties, popularly known as the COP, is a conference that has been...

Closing march of the Urja Kranti Kendra

Blog entry by Grace Boyle | November 4, 2010

Patna doesn't have much in the way of social spaces. Its efforts are pretty much encapsulated in the Gandhi Maidan, a wide square of scrubby grass in the centre of town, and people flock to it.    The evening scene there on Friday...

Double standards in environment ministry

Feature story | October 18, 2010 at 11:13

“I have taken this decision in a purely legal approach, that these laws are being violated.” - Jairam Ramesh, Minister for Environment & Forests on the Vedanta decision, August 24, 2010.

Greenpeace activists unfurl a banner saying

Image | June 9, 2010 at 11:23

Greenpeace activists unfurl a banner saying “Activism is Not a Crime” at the capital’s ‘Gyarah Murti’ sculpture, depicting the Dandi March led by Mahatma Gandhi. Choosing World Oceans Day, Greenpeace activists demanded justice for activists...

Make IT Green

Publication | April 2, 2010 at 12:53

Cloud Computing and its contribution to Climate Change.

Nestle needs to give rainforests ‘a break’

Feature story | March 17, 2010 at 4:30

Need a break? Before you have one with a Kit Kat watch this video – ‘Have a break?’ We need your help to get the rainforests a break and to help you spread the word we’ve launched this video spoof. It exposes the true cost behind having a break...

91 - 100 of 433 results.