The Mahan forests are a contiguous patch extending over about 500 sq km in the Waidhan and East Sarai Ranges of Singrauli, Madhya Pradesh’s eastern most district. Singrauli is a relatively new district, carved out of the neighbouring Sidhi in 2008. It borders Uttar Pradesh on the North and East, and Chhatisgarh to the south. The district is now best known as the ‘energy capital of India’, since about 10% of India’s installed coal fired thermal energy generated comes from there. The Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister has claimed ‘I want to development projects, mainly coal fired thermal plants, are scheduled to be built in the region, which would increase the number of operating mines and take the region’s generating capacity to over 20,000 MW.