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George Bush leads the US toward a policy of unilateral, pre-emptive counterproliferation warfighting strategy.

Abolish nuclear weapons

The Cold War may be over, but this does not mean nuclear weapons have disappeared. Far from it: There are over 30,000 nuclear weapons in the world, with more than a thousand of them ready to launch at a moment's notice, 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Over 400 reactors in warships and nuclear submarines are still circlingthe globe. Some are rotting away on the bottom of the ocean or in adistant port somewhere in Russia. Accidents such as the Russiansubmarine, the Kursk, tragically sinking in the Barents Sea can happenevery day, anywhere.

Over 2,000 nuclear weapons tests have left a legacy of global andregional contamination. People living near the test sites have sufferedfrom cancers, stillbirths, miscarriages and other health effects -- and are still suffering today. Manyhad to leave their hometown or island as it became too contaminated tolive there.

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The nuclear threat has quite literally scaled down in the last twodecades. While the prospect of an all out exchange of arsenals betweenRussia and the US has receded, the 15 kilotons of destructionthat obliterated Hiroshima could today be accomplished with a lunch-boxsized bomb. George Bush talks openly of developing new "more useable"nuclear weapons. Even more alarmingly, the administration continues toseek approval for a programme geared toward designing more robust, more'usable' nuclear weapons.

The prospects of a nuclear weapon actuallybeing used are perhaps greater today than during the cold war.

Today, the number of countries involved in active weapons programsis increasing. A growing number of countries are lining up to join thenuclear club, increasing the chance that a nuclear catastrophe willhappen somewhere on the planet. 

George Bush's war on Weapons of Mass Descruction had its firstconcrete result when the number of countries in the world with declarednuclear weapons increased to 8 from 7, when North Korea announced thatit had built "enough nuclear weapons to deter a US attack."

Nuclear brinkmanship is inevitable in a climate of nuclearhypocrisy. Only when all countries pursue nuclear disarmament in goodfaith can we begin putting the nuclear genie back in the bottle bybanning the use and manufacture of the nuclear materials at the heart of the bomb.

The only thing that will stop the threat is the voice of the second superpower: world opinion.

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Underwater view of Sei whale & calf.

Image | 1 April, 2000 at 1:00

Underwater view of Sei whale & calf.

Bowhead whale, surfacing

Image | 1 April, 2000 at 1:00

Bowhead whale, surfacing

Transparent squid

Image | 1 April, 2000 at 1:00

As juveniles, transparent squid live in the upper ocean. However, as adults they live in much deeper water. Sperm whales and other marine mammals dive down to feed upon these and other oceanic squid - in fact, deep-living squid are the sperm...

As juveniles

Image | 1 April, 2000 at 1:00

As juveniles, transparent squid live in the upper ocean. However, as adults they live in much deeper water.

The giant squid is the world's largest invertebrate

Image | 1 April, 2000 at 1:00

The giant squid is the world's largest invertebrate. Rarely seen, the largest specimen ever recorded was 18 meters (59 feet) long.

The monkfish is also known as the goosefish

Image | 1 April, 2000 at 1:00

The monkfish is also known as the goosefish, anglerfish, or allmouth.

Black corals are actually brilliantly coloured

Image | 1 April, 2000 at 1:00

Black corals are actually brilliantly coloured when alive: only their skeletons are black.

The Ghost Shark isn't actually a shark

Image | 1 April, 2000 at 1:00

The Ghost Shark isn't actually a shark, but is closely related. It lives in waters between 200 and 1200 meters in depth.

Desmophyllum dianthus looks like the filamented

Image | 1 April, 2000 at 1:00

Desmophyllum dianthus looks like the filamented underside of a mushroom. The closest they reach the sea surface is in Fiordland at around 30m but more commonly grow in depths of 200m and down to 1500m. The golden coral is restricted almost...

The spiny seahorse.

Image | 1 April, 2000 at 1:00

The spiny seahorse.

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