Indonesia Forests - Threats

Every year, Indonesia is losing 620,000ha of rainforest, making it one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases on the planet. It also endangers species including Sumatran tigers and orangutans, and undermining the future for millions of Indonesians who depend on the forests for their food, shelter and livelihoods.

Indonesia's irreplaceable rainforests and carbon-rich peatlands are being destroyed to make the disposable consumer products we find in our shops: paper for our glossy magazines, toilet paper, packaging and palm oil for products like toothpaste and chocolate.

Greenpeace is campaigning for the immediate protection of all Indonesia's forests and peatlands including meaningful international support for a new green development pathway and for zero deforestation in Indonesia and globally by 2020.

To achieve this, we investigate the global supply chains that are sacrificing Indonesia’s forests for consumer products around the world, and we expose the companies that are destroying forests. Over the past few years, our campaigns and pressure from our supporters have led Nestlé, Unilever and other corporate giants to cancel big contracts with reformed suppliers like Sinar Mas. This in turn has led to commitments to forest protection on the ground from these same companies. But more must be done.

Today, Indonesia stands at a crossroads; will it choose to allow industry to relentlessly and unnecessarily expand into natural rainforests and carbon rich peatlands, or to announce a moratorium on all existing rainforest and peatlands, with the help of the international community?

The latest updates


A Deadly Trade-off

Publication | 27 September, 2016 at 6:00

Over the last two decades, the plantation sector has laid waste to Indonesia’s forests and peatlands. Millions of hectares have been destroyed for pulp and oil palm concessions at great cost to wildlife, the climate and people.

Burning Issue

Publication | 9 June, 2016 at 0:00

The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) suspended Malaysian palm oil company IOI in March 2016 for breaches of RSPO principles. Since its suspension, IOI has lost many of its biggest customers. It responded with a lawsuit against the RSPO,...

Cutting Deforestation Out Of Palm Oil

Publication | 3 March, 2016 at 6:00

In recent years, the world’s biggest companies have woken up to the environmental costs associated with palm oil and the other commodities they buy. Nowhere are those costs more evident than in Indonesia, which has lost 31 million hectares of...

Forest Reference Emission Level (FREL) report

Publication | 2 December, 2015 at 11:00

In September 2015, the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) announced the publication of a new Forest Reference Emission Level (FREL) report. This is the country’s official report to the UNFCCC, establishing baseline...

Under Fire

Publication | 19 November, 2015 at 8:00

Indonesia’s fire crisis, the result of decades of wholesale forest and peatland destruction, has put Indonesia’s plantation industries in the global spotlight. Global consumer companies and traders must face up to their role in fuelling this...

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