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North America

The Ancient Forests of North America are extremely diverse. They include the boreal forest belt stretching between Newfoundland and Alaska, the coastal temperate rainforest of Alaska and Western Canada, and the myriad of residual pockets of temperate forest surviving in more remote regions.

Together, these forests store huge amounts of carbon, helping tostabilise climate change. They also provide a refuge for large mammalssuch as the grizzly bear, puma and grey wolf, which once ranged widelyacross the continent.

In Canada it is estimated that ancient forest provides habitat forabout two-thirds of the country's 140,000 species of plants, animalsand microorganisms. Many of these species are yet to be studied byscience.

The Ancient Forests of North America also provide livelihoods forthousands of indigenous people, such as the Eyak and Chugach people ofSouthcentral Alaska, and the Hupa and Yurok of Northern California.

Of Canada's one million indigenous people (First Nation, Inuit andMétis), almost 80 percent live in reserves and communities in boreal ortemperate forests, where historically the forest provided their foodand shelter, and shaped their way of life.

Featured report:

Through the Trees - The truth behind logging in Canada (PDF)

On the Greenpeace Canada website:

Interactive map of Canada's Borel forest (Flash)

Fun animation that graphically illustrates the problem (Flash)

Weblog:

Defending America's Ancient Forests

The latest updates

 

Cattle ranching expansion in the Brazilian Amazon

Publication | 29 January, 2009 at 16:12

Between 1996 and 2006 the area of cattle pastures in the Brazilian Amazon grew by approximately 10 million hectares – an area about the size of Iceland.

Land Use and Slaughterhouses in Mato Grosso

Publication | 29 January, 2009 at 16:11

This map shows the extent to which cattle pasture is the main use of deforested land in Mato Grosso.

Slaughterhouses and Roads in Mato Grosso

Publication | 29 January, 2009 at 16:11

This map shows how the main roads which opened up in the1970s link with extensive networks of unofficial roads (not shown on official charts) has led to cattle ranching expanding into remote areas, hundreds of kilometres from slaughterhouses.

Original Vegetation in the State of Mato Grosso

Publication | 29 January, 2009 at 0:00

Original vegetation in the state of Mato Grosso. 185, 587km² (an area twice the size of Hungary) of the once lush rainforest in the state of Mato Grosso has so far been destroyed, primarily because of cattle expansion.

Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon

Publication | 29 January, 2009 at 0:00

This map shows the extent of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon.

Forests for Climate : Developing a hybrid approach for REDD

Publication | 1 December, 2008 at 0:00

The Greenpeace Forests for Climate (Tropical Deforestation Emission Reduction Mechanism TDERM) proposal for a hybrid market-linked fund would provide the financing needed to help protect the world's remaining tropical forests by reducing...

Greenpeace activists block palm oil shipment in Indonesia

Feature story | 10 November, 2008 at 0:00

In the latest stage of the Esperanza's Forests for Climate tour around south-east Asia, activists have arrived in Dumai, Indonesia to block a palm oil shipment from departing for Europe.

Conning the Congo

Feature story | 30 July, 2008 at 0:00

Just as the need to save the world’s forests for climate protection is becoming widely recognised, we have discovered that major logging companies - operating in the Congo basin - are increasingly destroying one of the most ecologically important...

First shipment of Lake Murray eco-timber arrives in Australia

Feature story | 28 February, 2008 at 0:00

A shipping container filled with sawn timber from an eco-forestry project in Lake Murray, Papua New Guinea (PNG) has arrived in Sydney, Australia.

How the palm oil industry is Cooking the Climate - full report

Publication | 8 November, 2007 at 0:00

Every year, 1.8 billion tonnes (Gt) of climate changing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are released by the degradation and burning of Indonesia’s peatlands – 4% of global GHG emissions from less than 0.1% of the land on earth. This report shows...

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