Indonesia is an archipelago of 17,000 islands stretching from the waters off Malaysia to the island of New Guinea. Indonesia's forests are home to 10% of the planet's diversity of plants and animals. Orang-utans, elephants, tigers, rhinoceros, more than 1500 species of birds, and thousands plant species are all part of the biological heritage of Indonesia. The archipelago is also home to hundreds of indigenous peoples who have lived from and managed Indonesia's forests for thousands of years. For the last 30 years, the Indonesian Government has handed out logging, plantation and mining concessions covering the majority of Indonesia's forests without regard for the rights of forest peoples. And the latest statistics for deforestation are shocking. Forest loss in Indonesia doubled during the 1990's to 3.8 million hectares lost in 2000. This is equivalent to six times the rate of forest loss in the Brazilian Amazon. The remaining lowland forests of Indonesia will be destroyed in the coming decade unless the logging industry can be brought under control.