Magadansky State Nature Reserve
Magadansky State Nature Reserve
Region of the Russian Federation: Magadan Region
Status of Territories composing the Property: Magadansky State Nature Reserve
Area: 977 517 ha
Status: inscribed in the Tentative List of the Russian Federation in 2005
The Magadan Nature Reserve was created in 1982. It includes a variety of landscapes and nature complexes in the Magadan Region. The reserve is located off the shore of the Sea of Okhotsk, and it consists of several clusters located at a significant distance from each other. These clusters are difficult to reach; there are no settlements or roads nearby, and their terrain, climate, flora and fauna differ significantly.
The reserve is located in the North Pacific region of the country. It is separated from Siberia by the mountains of the Kolyma-Okhotsk watershed. The distinctive feature of the territory is the monsoonal climate. The nature characteristics of the Sea of Okhotsk are similar to those in the Arctic seas - the sea strongly influences the coastal area, especially in summer.
The dominant tree species are the Daurian larch and the Mountain pine. There are also species on the northern edge of their natural habitat - relics, and rare species in the Magadan Region (Siberian Spruce, One Flowered Wintergreen, Clematis Fusca Turcz). Six hundred and thirty-eight species of higher vascular plants grow on the coastal areas of the Reserve.
The fauna is comprised of East Siberian taiga species (173 bird species and 39 mammal species). They include elk, wild reindeer, brown bear, sable, otter, blue hare, and northern pika. There are also bighorn, lynx, and wolverines. The red-backed and Amur lemming species, as well as the black-capped marmotcan are sometimes spotted here. The largest of the Yamsky Islands, Motykil, is the northernmost breeding ground for sea lions. The coastal waters are the habitat of the seal (bearded seal, ringed seal, and ribbon seal).
The most common bird species in the Magadan Nature Reserve are the nutcracker, Siberian jay, willow and rock ptarmigan, hazel grouse, and rock capercailzie. In the coastal areas, there is the largest rookery in the northern Pacific Ocean (common and thick-billed guillemot, kittiwake, slaty-backed gull, northern fulmar, pelagic cormorant). The Reserve lies along the main flyway of geese, swans, and ducks. The area is a nesting spot for such rare species as the fish-hawk, white-tail and Steller's sea eagle, golden eagle, peregrin falcon, gerfalcon, fish owl, and Bewick's swan. It's also a flyway for the Ross' gull and the spoon-billed sandpiper. There are 32 species of fish, including a wide range of salmon: chum salmon, humpback salmon, coho salmon, Arctic salmon, East Siberian char, Siberian white salmon, Chinook salmon, blue-backed salmon. The grayling is widespread. The Siberian sturgeon can also be spotted.
There are esthetically attractive sites almost all over the Nature Reserve: these include the ice kars and lakes of the Koni Peninsula, the rocky coasts and reefs of the Piyagin and Koni peninsulas, the fancy silhouettes of the Yamsky Islands, the flat landscapes of the Kava-Chelomdzhinsky and Yamsky sites, and the riverbeds and ancient flood lands of the remarkable Kolyma.