Central Sikhote-Alin

 

Central Sikhote-Alin

Region of the Russian Federation: Primorsky Region

Status of Territories composing the Property: Sikhote-Alinsky State Nature Biosphere Reserve and Goraly Regional Preserve

Area: 0, 395 million ha

Status: inscribed in the World Heritage List in 2001

Southern parts of the Russian Far East are among the largest regions where massifs of ancient coniferous and broad-leaf forests still exist. The impact of human activity on this region has been insignificant. of The region's location, on the path where plants and animals are disseminated along the Pacific coast of Asia, from the tropics to temperate latitudes, makes the area a complicated, bright mixture of flora and fauna - particularly representatives of southern and northern flora and fauna. This region contains a lot of rare and endangered species, most of which cannot be encountered anywhere else. The flora and fauna of the Sikhote-Alin include almost 1,200 vascular plant species, 370 bird and 71 mammalian species.

The mountain Sikhote-Alin land is one of the world's last large habitats of the Amur tiger. Numerous rare and endangered species (amur ghoral, black bear, japanese and hooded cranes, black stork, merganser, fish owl, ginseng and rosy rhodiola, etc.) require special measures for conservation in their natural environment.

The picturesque terrain forms deep rivers in combination with exceptional biodiversity; exotic plants and animals, reminding us of the tropics, lend Sikhote-Alin a unique appearance. Numerous aesthetically and recreationally valuable sites here include: rock remnants scattered amidst the taiga, waterfalls and rapids (Kema rapids and Big Amga falls), the Shanduy Mountain, lakes, the intricate rock formations and sandy bays on the coast of the Sea of Japan.