Region of the Russian Federation: Krasnoyarsky Kray
Status of Territories composing the Property: Stolby State Nature Reserve
Area: 60 620 ha
Status: inscribed in the Tentative List of the Russian Federation in 2007
"Stolby" (Pillars) Nature Reserve is located on the North-West spurs of the Eastern Sayan that border the Central Siberian Plateau. The right tributaries of Yenisei River are the natural boundaries of the protected area. From the North-East the area borders the Krasnoyarsk agglomeration.
The Nature Reserve was founded for preservation of the natural complexes around picturesque syenitic outliers - the so-called «pillars» with a height of 600-700 meters. There exists on the Reserve territory the special tourist-recreation area that is opened for the tourists' visits.
Due to the geomorphologic zoning the territory of the Reserve lies in the contact zone of the Central Siberian Plateau, West-Siberian Plain and Altai-Sayan Mountains. The height of the rocks reaches 60-90 meters. The rock formations are represented by sedimentary and volcanogenic thicknesses that have the age starting from Cambrian (more than 600 million years) till the Carboniferous period.
The climate inside the Reserve is sharply different from the climate of the frontier forest-steppe with the growth of precipitation number in 1.5-2 times (686 millimeters) and air humidity; with the smaller duration of the vegetation period (138 days). The annual air temperature in the Reserve is -1,2оС, and in the forest-steppe is +0,3оС. Continentality of the atmosphere in the Reserve is softened by the mountain relief.
Soils and vegetation of the Reserve change together with the changes in absolute heights. Larch and light coniferous forests on mountain grey forest soils are spread in the low mountains (8,1% of the territory). Light and dark coniferous taiga on mountain podzol soils are spread in the middle mountains.
"Stolby" Nature Reserve is located on a junction of three botanic-geographical regions: Krasnoyarsk forest-steppe, mountain taiga of the Eastern Sayan and sub-taiga of the Central Siberian Plateau. The Reserve flora numbers 1037 species of the vascular plants. 260 species among them are mossy; more than 150 species refer to the category of especially protected ones. Among 8 forest-creating breeds the pine (41%) and fir (28%) forests predominate. The largest part of the planting was traversed by selective cuttings in the years 1940-1950. The originality of fauna in the Reserve is conditioned by its position in the center of a "junction" created by European-Ob and East-Siberian zoogeographical sub-regions as well as by Altai-Sayan mountain taiga, forest-steppe of the Krasnoyarsk hollow and subzone of the Siberian Southern taiga. Species of Western regions of the Siberian South predominate in the fauna of the Reserve.
The majority of the Reserve mammals are presented by forest ad taiga species. Among 58 species of mammals 1 species (sable) was re-acclimatized on the territory of the Reserve at the beginning of 1950th. 2 species (American mink and muskrat) were delivered and released with the aim of acclimatization on the territory of Krasnoyarsk Kray.
Avifauna is represented by 199 bird species. Among them there are 151 nested, 42 - settled, 109 - aestivated, 12 birds of passage, 8 - hibernated, 12 - strayed. In the winter avifauna the background species are Willow and Coal Tit, Long-tail Tit, Eurasian Nuthatch, Bohemian Waxwing, Common Redpoll, hazel-grouse, nutcracker and Spotted Woodpecker. In summer among the most numerous species there are Siberian Blue Robin, Willow Tit, Olive-backed Pipit, Pallas's Warbler, Coal Tit, chaffinch, Great Tit, nutcracker and Spotted Woodpecker.