Putorana Plateau


Putorana Plateau

Region of the Russian Federation: Krasnoyarsky Kray

Status of Territories composing the Property: Putoransky State Nature Reserve

Area: 3 660 551 ha

Status: inscribed in the World Heritage List in 2010

The Putorana Plateau is a large basaltic plateau in Siberia. It is situated on the northern border of taiga and has not been severely affected by human activity. Deep canyons dissect unusual and spectacular trap-shaped terrain. The size and number of waterfalls are impressive (this area has the highest concentration of waterfalls in Russia). A 108 m high waterfall, one of the highest in Russia, is located here. The area includes a number of lakes, some as much as 400 m deep. The landscape of lake fiords is picturesque and spectacular.

The flora of the Putorana Plateau is represented by 1,300 species. The basins of the Kutaramakan and Irkinda rivers comprise the northeastern distribution limits of the Siberian larch and fir. The Putorana Mountains are the northern habitation limits of flying squirrel, lynx, sable and stone cock of the woods.

The migration route of Eurasia's largest population of reindeer (more than 600,000 animals) runs through the territory of the Putorana Plateau. The Plateau provides a refuge for bighorn snow sheep, one of the least studied mammals on the planet. The bighorn snow sheep was separated from the main population group about 15,000 years ago.

Among rare and endangered birds in the Plateau, the Arctic falcon and the white-tailed eagle are of the greatest interest.