"Oil Pollution in Russia: Problems and Possible Solutions" co-produced by Greenpeace-Russia and "Save the Pechora" Committee
Introduction to the report
According to the official data only, over 10 thousand oil spills occur in Russia per annum due to ruptured oil pipelines. Some experts estimate that about 4.5 million tons of crude oil and oil products get into the environment due to pipeline ruptures every year. However, year after year, the number of oil spills does not decline, while oil companies bear practically no financial responsibility for the ecological catastrophe occurring in all oil producing regions.
Meanwhile oil companies have access to both technologies and financial resources which could let them maintain pipelines in safe conditions. For instance, according to the Russian Federation Minister of Natural Resources and Ecology Sergey Donskoy, the upgrading of the oil fields' pipeline network will cost oil companies about 1,3 trillion rubles. To compare, the net profit of oil companies in Russia for 5 years from 2007 through 2011 was 4,9 trillion roubles.
However, oil companies in Russia prefer to economize at the cost of the safety and health of the environment and population. In many ways it is happening this way because the current Russian legislation and state control bodies allow it.
Experts from Greenpeace Russia and "Save the Pechora" Committee thoroughly studied the gaps and deficiencies in the Russian legislation due to which the problem of oil spills has remained unsolved for many years, and have suggested concrete measures to fix them. These measures on improving the legislation are revealed in the "Oil Pollution: Problems and Possible Solutions" joint report.