Indonesia’s plans for forests and energy betray spirit of Paris Agreement

Press release - November 17, 2016
Marrakech, 16 November 2016 – Greenpeace Indonesia welcomed a recognition of the importance of forests and renewable energy in today’s climate change speech delivered by the Indonesian Minister of Environment and Forestry. The Indonesian government’s actions however show no real intention to shift away from coal dependence and deforestation. Moreover, it displays an aversion to the transparency required to allow monitoring, and far from aiming for reductions, Indonesia’s emissions targets actually represent an increase in GHG emissions by around one third from 2015 to 2030.

“Among policies the Minister points to are the 2011 moratorium on primary forest conversion. This fails to protect many millions of hectares of forest and peatland.  In truth, the government’s own figures show the national deforestation rate is rising.[1] Worse, the government’s UNFCCC documents show the government plans for the continued destruction of 13 million hectares of forests over the next three decades.[2] We are reneging on the 2014 New York Declaration on Forests commitment to strive for zero deforestation by 2030,” said Kiki Taufik, Head of Greenpeace’s Indonesia Forests Campaign.

“Another policy mentioned was the long-overdue promise to publish the One Map. Yet ‘transparency’ seems to be a dirty word for the Indonesian government. The Minister is currently fighting in court Indonesian civil society requests for transparency over forest cover and land tenure. Commitments to deliver emissions reductions through forest policy are crucial, yet will be meaningless unless there is full transparency of baseline data and methodology, enabling independent monitoring and accurate calculations about what is actually happening on the ground,” Kiki said. [3]

Greenpeace Indonesia also emphasised that the country’s emission reduction plans remain very weak. The current 35 GW power plan still allocates more than 20 GW for coal. The target for renewables remains 23% by 2025 and 31% by 2050.

Hindun Mulaika, team leader for climate and energy campaign, Greenpeace Indonesia, said:

“Neither of these targets will be achieved with the current mindset and current policies.  There is no encouragement for the development of renewable energies, fossil fuels are still subsidised and the coal lobby wields a dangerous influence over government thinking.”

“Fossil fuel developments need to stop now.  There is no room for more coal fired power plants.  Yet Indonesia continues to invest in these deadly dinosaurs, threatening the quality of our air, the health of Indonesians and the future of our planet. The government's plan for 25% of energy to come from coal as late as 2050 may well turn out to be a fiction.  With the current policies, coal’s share is likely to be much more than that.  Indonesia’s energy plans amount to a suicide note for our planet.”

Notes to editors

Correction: The original media release erroneously stated that the government's target for renewables was 31% by 2030 - the target is in fact 31% by 2050. We regret the error.

[1] Directorate General of Climate Change, MoEF (2015) Indonesia First Biennial Update Report (BUR) Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: 3–9

[2] BUR 1-12 identifies around 15.4 million ha of forest available for planned deforestation (as HPK and APL concessions) BUR (4-6); and the NDC sees 450,000ha/yr of planned deforestation in perpetuity.

[3] Forests and Other Lands are crucial for additional CO2 uptake in order to achieve the 1.5ºC degree target of the Paris Agreement. They need comprehensive, transparent and separate accounting rules facilitating a halt in deforestation and restoring forests and other natural carbon sinks. Developing countries need additional support from the green climate fund and not through offset schemes for this sector. NDCs must step up their forests and land targets, which are not adequate in developing countries and almost non-existent in developed countries.

Media Contacts

Kiki Taufik, Global head of Indonesia Forest campaign, Greenpeace SEA - Indonesia. , mob: +62 811 870 6074

Hindun Mulaika, Team leader Climate and Energy Campaign, Greenpeace SEA - Indonesia, , +62 811 8407 113

Arif Fiyanto, Regional Climate and Energy Campaign Coordinator Greenpeace Southeast Asia, , +62811-1805373