About the map
This interactive map, produced using open source technology provided by Global Forest Watch, is designed as a tool to help anyone working on land use change, industrial plantation agriculture and conservation in Indonesia.
It has been developed to support President Joko Widodo’s bold ambition to protect and restore forests peatlands, and the work of the new Peat Restoration Agency which has been established in the wake of the 2015 fire disaster. It also provides a benchmark for the government’s One Map initiative, which aims to bring all land use and tenure data together under one database.
Burned peatland forest planted with oil palm saplings near Nyaru Menteng orangutan sanctuary, Central Kalimantan, 27 October 2015 (Photo: Greenpeace)
The map’s primary function is to provide greater transparency about who controls areas of land and what happens within it. Previously, this information has not been publicly available to this extent despite the strong public interest case for such openness.
The devastating fires which swept across Indonesia towards the end of 2015 were the result of decades of forest degradation, deforestation and peatland drainage by companies involved in clearing land for plantations, in logging or mining.
Their actions helped create the perfect conditions for an inferno, which according to the World Bank cost the Indonesian economy an estimated 221 trillion rupiah (US$16.1bn). And each year, there are on average 110,000 premature deaths across Southeast Asia caused by the fires and the associated haze, rising to nearly 300,000 in El Niño years of which 2015 was one.
With such high costs associated with the actions of plantation and logging companies, the public has a right to know which companies are active on land where fire hotspots break out, where the deep peat resides, and where deforestation is happening. Only when there is full transparency on land tenure, both civil society and government bodies will we be able to end the destruction of the forests and peatlands, and the damage caused to Indonesia’s people and economy.
Our map sets the standard for transparent and meaningful public access to information on land use and land-use change. But it is not perfect. The concession maps were compiled from multiple sources, including paper maps and PDFs which had to be converted into scalable digital maps in shapefile format suitable for analysis. It is also not up-to-date – although the active fires and monthly clearance alerts are frequently updated, most of the concession data are already a few years old. We invite all stakeholders to help us improve them.
However, what is really needed is for the government to make the most recent data on concessions freely accessible as shapefiles so they can be easily analysed alongside other data, such as forest cover, peatland depth, or fire and clearance alerts. Unless such maps are available, stakeholders from local communities to government enforcement agencies and consumer companies will be unable to hold to account those responsible for continued forest destruction. President Widodo's bold ambition to protect Indonesia's carbon and biodiversity rich peatland will remain unfulfilled.
Concession, landcover and moratorium area maps presented on this platform are unofficial copies from various sources (see respective map information for details). Official data are not currently available due to restrictions imposed by the Government of Indonesia.
To enable users to analyse data by overlaying different maps in layers, vector (shapefile) maps are required. For some maps, this required manual digitization of maps only available in JPG or PDF format, which may have resulted in minor differences compared to the original maps. Greenpeace invites all stakeholders to provide corrections to these maps.
Greenpeace provides no guarantee of the accuracy of these maps and warns against use of these maps for any financial or other important decisions. Their use is at the user’s own risk.