Human population is increasing while resources like arable land is shrinking.
Food security is being put forward as one of the emerging problems that is now coming up due to the increasing population and calls are being made by governments for agriculture to produce more food using less resources.
However, food security is not about the amount of food that is produced but is largely affected by socio-economics factors as well including the accessibility of food and the capacity to produce them. In fact, there is more than enough food that's being produced now in the world and reducing food wastage as well can help in addressing the need to provide more food to people across the globe.
“The health of soil, plant, animal and man is one and indivisible.” -Lady Eve Balfour (1899-1990), a dynamic leader in the field of organic agriculture in the UK and author of The Living Soil.
GMOs are a diversion and they divert valuable resources that could've gone to solutions that are in place, have already been proven safe and are already working. What the Philippine government should do is to follow the recommendations made by the IAASTD:
The core message of the final IAASTD report is the urgent need to move away from destructive and chemical-dependent industrial agriculture and to adopt environmental modern farming methods that champion biodiversity and benefit local communities.
More and better food can be produced without destroying rural livelihoods or our natural resources. Local, socially and environmentally responsible methods are the solution.
The IAASTD also concluded that such techniques as genetic engineering are no solution for soaring food prices, hunger and poverty.
Ecological farming enables communities to produce enough food to feed themselves. This form of agriculture fosters a future of healthy farming, and healthy food, to all people. Ecological farming helps the world’s population to mitigate—and adapt to—climate change.
Currently, 2.6 billion people—40% of the world’s population—are small-scale farmers. These farmers produce most of the food we consume.
Millions of farmers around the world are practicing ecological farming. They are showing that it’s possible to produce enough food and to achieve economic success using ecological farming methods.
The solutions to fight VAD and other nutrient deficiencies are known, available and cost effective, what is lacking however is the political will and determination to put them in place.
In the past decade, great progress has been made on VAD and other malnutrition problems. For example, VAD is currently being successfully tackled by a combination of vitamins supplementation and home gardening in Bangladesh, where it was considered one of the worst public health problems 20 years ago. In the longer term, we need sustainable solutions to the problems of nutrition. For example, a range of projects, such as ecologically farmed home and community gardens, that increase access to healthy and varied diets can eradicate not only VAD, but simultaneously tackle other nutrient deficiencies. Ecological farming can in fact better contribute to healthy and diverse diets by empowering people to access and produce their own healthy and varied food, which is the real long-lasting solution populations affected by VAD need.
For a better understanding of Greenpeace position on 'Golden' rice, please refer to our briefing 'Golden Illusion' and report 'Lack of Lustre.'