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The Mediterranean Sea is one of the most complex and diverse high seas areas, but is threatened by overfishing, pollution, destructive fishing methods and climate change. The failure to create an effective governance system for the region is only making matters worse. The Pelagos reserve in the Ligurian Sea is already a protected area for marine mammals, but it still needs to be protected from commercial fishing and other activities. The near collapse of bluefin populations is perhaps the most visible example of how oceans and fisheries management have failed the Mediterranean. The waters around the Balearic Islands are a crucial spawning ground the Atlantic bluefin tuna and are a priority for protection within a Mediterranean network.