Amicus curiae brief in the Arctic Sunrise Arbitration

(Netherlands v. Russia)

Background - 4 October, 2014
On 4 October 2013, the Netherlands brought an international arbitration against the Russian Federation under Annex VII to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

The case stems from the Russian authorities' response to a peaceful protest action undertaken from the Greenpeace ship Arctic Sunrise against the oil rig Prirazlomnaya on Russia's continental shelf in the Arctic on 18 September 2013. Russian agents boarded and detained the vessel as well as the 30 persons on board, who became known as the 'Arctic 30'. The Netherlands maintain these actions constituted violations of UNCLOS and of the human rights of the crew.

On 16 September 2014, Greenpeace International submitted an amicus curiae brief to the Arbitral Tribunal hearing the dispute, with the aim to assist it by setting out international human rights law and jurisprudence relevant to the case. On 8 October 2014, the Arbitral Tribunal adopted Procedural Order No. 3, denying the request to admit the amicus curiae brief.

Click here to download the Greenpeace International amicus curiae brief.