Keeping Kyoto's Rules and Obligations

Publication - 3 December, 2009
The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Protocol was negotiated in 1997 and binds a group of 37 industrialised countries to greenhouse gas emissions reductions of 5 percent by 2012 (compared to 1990 levels). It details how this aggregate reduction will be achieved by setting out legally binding individual targets for each of the countries.

Executive summary: In Montreal 2005 Governments launched negotiations under the Kyoto Protocol to agree on new emission reduction targets for industrialised countries. Two years later The Bali Action Plan was agreed, launching wider negotiations under the Convention covering new issues, such as tropical forest protection, looking at how developing countries could enhance action on climate change and how that, as well as adaptation, could be financed.

Both of those negotiating processes are due to be completed in Copenhagen this December. For industrialised countries any resulting agreement must contain the fundamental components of Kyoto listed above along with legally binding aggregate and individual targets.

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Number of pages: 2