Big-eyed jacks found inside the no-take fish sanctuary of the Apo Island Marine reserve.

There is a growing body of scientific evidence that demonstrates that the establishment of large-scale networks of marine reserves, urgently needed to protect marine species and their habitats, could be key to reversing global fisheries decline.

Marine reserves can benefit adjacent fisheries from both the 'spillover' of adult and juvenile fish beyond the reserve boundaries and through the export of eggs and larvae. Inside the reserves, populations increase in size and individuals live longer, grow larger and develop increased reproductive potential.

Marine reserves could even benefit highly migratory species, such as sharks, tuna and billfish, if reserves were created in places where they are currently highly vulnerable, such as nursery grounds, spawning sites or aggregation sites such as seamounts.

Large-scale marine reserves are areas that are closed to all extractive uses, such as fishing and mining, as well as disposal activities. Within these areas there may be core zones where no human activities are allowed, for instance areas that act as scientific reference areas or areas where there are particularly sensitive habitats or species.

Some areas within the coastal zone may be opened to small-scale, non-destructive fisheries providing that these are sustainable, within ecological limits, and have been decided upon with the full participation of affected local communities.

Marine Reserves (MRs) are not just about overfishing -even if one of the primary reasons for creating MRs is preserving fish stocks. They are increasingly seen as an essential global tool to protect the marine environment, including from pollution -caused particularly by the disposal of wastes (radioactive wastes, munitions and carbon dioxide).

                     

 The Apo Island Marine Reserve is a very good example of how marine reserves can benefit communities. clcik on the arrows to see more of the Apo Island Marine Reserve.

The latest updates

 

IUU fishing? A big "no-no" in Palau

Blog entry by Cristina Nitafan | November 3, 2012

Palau, because of its beach and scenery, reminds me so much of the Philippines. Interestingly, similarities between the two countries range from vegetation to countries that ruled them. But what sets Palau different from the...

Two ships, one vision for our oceans

Blog entry by Steve Smith, Greenpeace International | October 14, 2012

Thousands of miles apart, two Greenpeace ships propelled our global oceans campaign forward today. This morning in Taiwan – home to the world’s largest tuna fishing fleet – Greenpeace activists took action at the largest...

Musings of a "mermaid ecowarrior"

Blog entry by Jenica Dizon, Oceans Guest Blogger | August 6, 2012

The sudden roar of the engines brought the speedboat to life as it skimmed through the mild current. I marveled at the boundless ocean in the horizon. I felt jittery during the boat ride as a mixture of anxiety and excitement swept me.

Reversing a decline: Give fish a chance

Blog entry by Vince Cinches | July 23, 2012 1 comment

"Our future as human beings depends on our intelligent and prudent use of the oceans." - Nelson Mandela The recent Pole and Line Forum in General Santos City, the Tuna Capital of the Philippines, opened up many major fronts in our...

We need fewer boats, more fish to save our oceans

Blog entry by Mark Dia | May 26, 2012

I’m here in Bangkok at a gathering of hundreds of tuna business officials , policy-makers and even a few environmental advocates like myself. It’s been a long week of discussion about the future of the industry, including a lot...

Oceans in the Balance

Publication | May 24, 2012 at 21:02

Every second breath we take comes from the ocean. Billions of people rely on our oceans for their food and for employment. In return, we are plundering the oceans of fish, choking them with pollution and altering them forever with the impacts of...

International Biodiversity Day focuses on marine world

Blog entry by Jenny Tuazon | May 22, 2012

"Despite its importance, marine biodiversity — the theme of this year's International Day for Biological Diversity — has not fared well at human hands. Commercial over-exploitation of the world’s fish stocks is severe. Many species...

Defending Our Pacific

Publication | March 23, 2012 at 19:19

Summary of findings from the Esperanza's expedition, September - December 2011.

Changing Tuna

Publication | March 21, 2012 at 20:49

The global tuna industry is undergoing a period of rapid transformation.

Our leaders can and should save the Pacific tuna next week

Blog entry by Duncan Williams, Greenpeace Australia | March 20, 2012

Ocean stewardship in the Pacific has come a long way. Ask a Pacific islander fifty years ago about managing fish and you would have been greeted with a look of bemusement. After all, fish back in the day were thought of as unlimited.

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