Big-eyed jacks found inside the no-take fish sanctuary of the Apo Island Marine reserve.

There is a growing body of scientific evidence that demonstrates that the establishment of large-scale networks of marine reserves, urgently needed to protect marine species and their habitats, could be key to reversing global fisheries decline.

Marine reserves can benefit adjacent fisheries from both the 'spillover' of adult and juvenile fish beyond the reserve boundaries and through the export of eggs and larvae. Inside the reserves, populations increase in size and individuals live longer, grow larger and develop increased reproductive potential.

Marine reserves could even benefit highly migratory species, such as sharks, tuna and billfish, if reserves were created in places where they are currently highly vulnerable, such as nursery grounds, spawning sites or aggregation sites such as seamounts.

Large-scale marine reserves are areas that are closed to all extractive uses, such as fishing and mining, as well as disposal activities. Within these areas there may be core zones where no human activities are allowed, for instance areas that act as scientific reference areas or areas where there are particularly sensitive habitats or species.

Some areas within the coastal zone may be opened to small-scale, non-destructive fisheries providing that these are sustainable, within ecological limits, and have been decided upon with the full participation of affected local communities.

Marine Reserves (MRs) are not just about overfishing -even if one of the primary reasons for creating MRs is preserving fish stocks. They are increasingly seen as an essential global tool to protect the marine environment, including from pollution -caused particularly by the disposal of wastes (radioactive wastes, munitions and carbon dioxide).

                     

 The Apo Island Marine Reserve is a very good example of how marine reserves can benefit communities. clcik on the arrows to see more of the Apo Island Marine Reserve.

The latest updates

 

Changing Tuna

Publication | March 21, 2012 at 20:49

The global tuna industry is undergoing a period of rapid transformation.

Analysis of samples of water collected from creeks in the vicinity of the Lafayette...

Publication | August 30, 2006 at 21:22

Sample descriptions Two samples of waters were collected from Mirikpitik Creek (MI06093, MI06094) in the vicinity of the Lafayette mine site on the 2nd August 2006. Local residents had reported fish kills in the stream. Close to the outflow to...

Cyanide: gold mining’s devastating killer

Publication | August 30, 2006 at 21:17

Cyanide is highly toxic Cyanide is one of the most toxic chemical substances on Earth. Cyanide is toxic to most aquatic life and humans, even at low concentrations. Its use in gold mining is controversial. The extreme toxicity of cyanide...

Acid Mine Drainage: devastating to aquatic life

Publication | August 24, 2006 at 14:57

Acid streams resulting from mining activities from certain types of mineral deposits such as those at Rapu Rapu are highly toxic to the aquatic environment. The extreme acidity is toxic to most aquatic life and even after neutralisation the...

Lafayette causes pollution during 30-day trial run

Publication | August 24, 2006 at 14:55

In April 2005, Lafayette started mining gold, silver, copper and zinc on Rapu Rapu island. The poor environmental safeguards resulted in spills of cyanide and other contaminants from the mine spilled into the sea and around the island, resulting...

DENR Assessment of the Rapu-Rapu Polymetallic Project

Publication | August 23, 2006 at 8:00

The exploitation of a country’s mineral resources can only be justified if it does not irreparably damage the environment and if it benefits the community and the nation as a whole. This is beyond all argument. The mine tailings spills that...

Findings and recommendations of the Fact-Finding Commission on the Mining Operations...

Publication | August 23, 2006 at 8:00

This is the comprehensive fact-finding report of the Rapu-Rapu Fact- Finding Commission submitted to President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.

The Plastics Pollution of Manila Bay

Publication | August 22, 2006 at 12:55

The beauty of Manila Bay is recounted in songs,poems,and stories of old. Historic battles have been fought and won in this body of water and its waters once teemed with fish and other marine life.

Mining in Rapu Rapu: A Countdown to Disaster

Publication | August 22, 2006 at 12:48

In the Philippines,Bicol’s immensely beautiful marine environment and its fragile sea creatures face a grave threat: toxic pollution and siltation caused by mining operations in Rapu Rapu Island in Albay Province. Local and national groups who...

The community-managed Marine Reserve of Apo Island

Publication | August 22, 2006 at 12:46

Unlike many of the marine protected areas in the Philippines, Apo Island is more than just a paper park.Studies have demonstrated the benefits of the reserve for conservation and for local community livelihood. Apo Island has also become a...

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