Big-eyed jacks found inside the no-take fish sanctuary of the Apo Island Marine reserve.

There is a growing body of scientific evidence that demonstrates that the establishment of large-scale networks of marine reserves, urgently needed to protect marine species and their habitats, could be key to reversing global fisheries decline.

Marine reserves can benefit adjacent fisheries from both the 'spillover' of adult and juvenile fish beyond the reserve boundaries and through the export of eggs and larvae. Inside the reserves, populations increase in size and individuals live longer, grow larger and develop increased reproductive potential.

Marine reserves could even benefit highly migratory species, such as sharks, tuna and billfish, if reserves were created in places where they are currently highly vulnerable, such as nursery grounds, spawning sites or aggregation sites such as seamounts.

Large-scale marine reserves are areas that are closed to all extractive uses, such as fishing and mining, as well as disposal activities. Within these areas there may be core zones where no human activities are allowed, for instance areas that act as scientific reference areas or areas where there are particularly sensitive habitats or species.

Some areas within the coastal zone may be opened to small-scale, non-destructive fisheries providing that these are sustainable, within ecological limits, and have been decided upon with the full participation of affected local communities.

Marine Reserves (MRs) are not just about overfishing -even if one of the primary reasons for creating MRs is preserving fish stocks. They are increasingly seen as an essential global tool to protect the marine environment, including from pollution -caused particularly by the disposal of wastes (radioactive wastes, munitions and carbon dioxide).

                     

 The Apo Island Marine Reserve is a very good example of how marine reserves can benefit communities. clcik on the arrows to see more of the Apo Island Marine Reserve.

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Greenpeace ship Esperanza at the Lafayette

Image | August 24, 2006 at 14:56

Greenpeace ship Esperanza at the Lafayette Mine on Rapu Rapu island, Philippines. Greenpeace ship MY Esperanza is in the Philippines to campaign for the shut down of the gold and silver mining operations of Lafayette on Rapu-Rapu Island,...

Greenpeace activists hang a banner at the

Image | August 24, 2006 at 14:46

Greenpeace activists hang a banner at the conveyor belt of Lafayette mine, Rapu Rapu Island, Philippines. Greenpeace ship MY Esperanza is in the Philippines to campaign for the shut down of the gold and silver mining operations of Lafayette on...

Security personnel from Lafayette mine company

Image | August 24, 2006 at 14:43

Security personnel from Lafayette mine company attempt to detain Greenpeace activist Heike Dierbach (Germany) during Greenpeace banner hang protest at Lafayette mine, Rapu Rapu Island, Philippines.Greenpeace activist post sign on the beach where...

Flotilla of local boats accompanies Greenpeace

Image | August 23, 2006 at 6:00

Flotilla of local boats accompanies Greenpeace ship Esperanza in a protest calling for the closure of the gold and silver mining operations of Lafayette on Rapu-Rapu Island, Philippines. The Australian mine was reopened in July despite government...

Flotilla of local boats accompanies Greenpeace

Image | August 23, 2006 at 6:00

Flotilla of local boats accompanies Greenpeace ship Esperanza in a protest calling for the closure of the gold and silver mining operations of Lafayette on Rapu-Rapu Island, Philippines. The Australian mine was reopened in July despite government...

A delegation from the Greenpeace led protest

Image | August 23, 2006 at 6:00

A delegation from the Greenpeace led protest flotilla speaks with management from Lafayette Mine Company, Rapu Rapu Island, Philippines. Left to Right: Fr. Lino Bugamisan Parish Priest of Rapu Rapu island. Lucas Baldin - Fishermans representative...

Mangrove roots and new shoots coated with

Image | August 21, 2006 at 7:00

Mangrove roots and new shoots coated with oil.

Greenpeace activists and fishermen attempting

Image | August 21, 2006 at 7:00

Greenpeace activists and fishermen attempting to use oil booms made from local materials to protect beaches from spilled bunker oil.

Locals and Greenpeace activists

Image | August 21, 2006 at 7:00

Locals and Greenpeace activists, using makeshift booms to help contain some of the estimated 350,000 litres of bunker oil spilled from the single hulled Petron tanker.

Greenpeace diver Daniel Ocampo from the Philippines

Image | August 21, 2006 at 6:00

Greenpeace diver Daniel Ocampo from the Philippines, after diving to anchor oil booms made from local materials being tested to protect beaches from bunker oil spilled from the sunken tanker.

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