Undercover investigation exposes Asia Pulp & Paper’s illegal rainforest scandal

Press release - March 1, 2012
01 March 2012, Jakarta - Greenpeace this morning handed evidence to the Ministry of Forestry and Indonesia’s CITES Secretariat from a year-long investigation, showing that Asia Pulp & Paper (APP) is systematically violating Indonesia’s laws protecting ramin, an internationally protected tree species.[1]

Throughout 2011, many visits were made to APP’s Indah Kiat Perawang mill, Indonesia’s largest pulp mill, where numerous ramin logs were identified, mixed in with other rainforest species waiting to be pulped. Samples were taken from 46 of these logs and were confirmed to be ramin by an internationally recognised expert.

“Greenpeace has caught Asia Pulp and Paper red-handed – this investigation shows its main pulp mill is regularly riddled with illegal ramin. This makes a mockery of their public claim to have a ‘zero tolerance’ for illegal timber,” said Bustar Maitar, Head of Greenpeace’s Global Forest Network for Indonesia .

Greenpeace mapping analysis shows that since the logging of ramin was banned in 2001, at least 180,000 hectares of Sumatran peat swamp forests have been cleared in concessions now controlled by APP - an area more than twice the size of Jakarta.

This destruction of ramin habitat is endemic across Indonesia’s pulp and paper industry sector. Neither APP nor APRIL, the two largest companies in this sector, have made commitments to stop clearance of these areas.

These forests are a critical habitat for ramin, as well as endangered species including the Sumatran tiger with only 400 remaining in the wild.

As part of the investigation, major companies have been implicated in APP’s international rainforest scandal. Independent testing and supply chain research into paper products from companies including Xerox, National Geographic and Danone show that they contain Indonesian rainforest fibre. These products were manufactured using paper from by APP mills supplied from by Indah Kiat Perawang, the same mill implicated in APP’s illegal ramin scandal.

“APP is undermining the rule of law in Indonesia. Greenpeace is calling on the Government to immediately seize all illegal ramin in APP’s operations in Indonesia. The evidence has been provided to authorities to assist in their efforts to improve governance in the forest sector. Any company buying from APP should distance themselves from this illegal rainforest scandal and stop buying from them until they clean up their act,” Added Bustar.

“Greenpeace supports a ban on further clearance of peat swamp forests, as proposed in an official report on ramin protection by the Indonesian government department that is responsible for protecting ramin. APP’s sister company, the palm oil company GAR, is already implementing a policy to end deforestation, including ending peat swamp forest clearance,” said Zulfahmi, Forest Campaign Manager for Greenpeace in Indonesia.

The evidence that has been compiled by Greenpeace has been handed to the Ministry of Forestry and will also be passed to the police in Indonesia.

Notes to Editors:

  1. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of WildFauna and Flora CITES http://www.cites.org/
  • Companies including Kraft, Nestle, Adidas, Staples and Mattel have already suspended all purchases from APP and are implementing policies to avoid deforestation in their supply chains.
  • The Summary Report and the independent scientific results from tests
  • on ramin logs: www.greenpeace.org/international/raminsummary
  • Full findings and Video footage of the investigation can be found at
  • www.greenpeace.org/ramintrail


  • Bustar Maitar, Head of the Forests Campaign for Greenpeace Indonesia. +6281344666135
  • Hikmat Suriatanwijaya , Greenpeace Indonesia Communications + 628111805394
  • Greenpeace International Press Desk Hotline: +31 20 718 2470
  • Maarten Van Rouveroy Greenpeace International  Video Desk, +31 6
  • 46197322
  • John Novis, Greenpeace International Photo Desk, + 31 6 29 001152