Agrochemicals unmasked: fertilizer and pesticide use in Thailand and its consequences to the environment

สิ่งพิมพ์ - กุมภาพันธ์ 1, 2551
The current industrial agriculture system promotes the reliance on agrochemicals, both synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, while neglecting to consider their negative effects on the economy of local communities, the human health and the environment. The long term use of high levels of agriculture inputs to boost crop yields have made it difficult to sustain the same rate of yield growth, and yields are becoming stagnant. Moreover, increased intensity of land use has led to increasing input requirements in order to sustain current yield gains. Environmental pressures are increasing as existing land and water resources come under threat from rapid urbanization. Land is being withdrawn from agricultural production, creating additional pressures, including the reallocation of water now used in agriculture. Furthermore, the need to use large amounts of agrochemicals to control pests and weeds has raised environmental and human health concerns. Agrochemicals pose health and environmental risks: they can pollute rivers and lakes through runoff and groundwater through leaching. There are proven alternatives to this expensive agriculture system: farmers are already fertilizing soils and protecting crops with organic and sustainable techniques that work with nature, not against it, and can provide food for all.

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Num. pages: 16