Region of the Russian Federation: Primorsky Kray

Site Status: inscribed in the Tentative List of the Russian Federation in 2012 as a mixed (cultural and natural) object

Status of Territories composing the Site:
Verkhnebikinsky landscape preserve, area of traditional nature use

Status: inscribed in the Tentative List of the Russian Federation in 2010 (extension of the “Central Sikhote-Alin”)

Area: 1,154 million ha

The upper and middle parts of Bikin River valley are located to the north from Central Sikhote-Alin World Heritage property and as the Sikhote-Alin State Nature Reserve ), it belongs to Amur- Coastal physiographic region. However while the Sikhote-Alin State Reserve covers mainly the eastern macro slope of Central Sikhote-Alin, the nominated territory occupies its western macro slope, adding a consonant feature to recognized outstanding universal value of the World Natural Heritage Property.

The outstanding universal value of Bikin River valley as composite part of the Central Sikhote-Alin natural complex found its reflectance in the decision of the World Heritage Committee 25th Session (Helsinki, 2001).

One of the main reasons for preparation of the Central Sikhote-Alin serial nomination is the necessity to provide protection of the Siberian tiger population that is critically endangered. The activity of Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve and protected areas in Bikin River Valley as well as projecting of new protected areas inside the boundaries of Central Sikhote-Alin is considerably oriented to preservation of the Siberian tiger key habitat places. Besides the cedar-unmoral (broad-leaved) complex in the middle and upper reaches of Bikin River is per se the only one preserved in the world integral massif of the formerly widely dispersed Ussuri taiga. Besides the obvious nature protective value its important meaning lies in the fact that it maintains the habitat places of animals in natural condition. The fate of Bikin group of the Udege people depends on successful condition of these animals populations.

Bikin River valley is notable for high concentration of rare and relic plant species. Only in its upper part the growth of more than 20 plant species inscribed in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation was marked. In accordance with the magnificent kit of plant associations the highly favorable biotopes for habitation of tiger, Asian black bear and Amur wildcat were formed. These animals inhabit the area practically everywhere. It is very important for maintenance of their population conditions in the Far East. It is also possible to meet 38 rare bird species. Siberian tiger, scaly-sided merganser and Blakiston’s fish owl that inhabit this area are inscribed in the IUCN Red Data Book.