They might not be our biggest boats but they are often our most effective tools at sea - our inflatable boats. For getting between a whaling harpoon and whales, stopping toxic waste dumping at sea and confronting illegal fishing boats they have no equal.
Technically our inflatables are called Rigid Inflatable Boats or RIBs. To our crew who drive them they are just inflatables or to many people 'Greenpeace in their rubber boats.'
The RIB is one of the safest small offshore boats manufactured. Though we refer to them as "inflatables", they are far more sophisticated than they appear or their name suggest. Though they come in a great variety of sizes and configurations, they all have a few things in common: below the water is a hard fibre glass or aluminium hull that allows the boat to travel at high speeds through rough seas. A specially constructed rubber tube that runs along the bow and sides of the hull gives the boat exceptional buoyancy and stability in the water. A powerful engine makes the boat fast and maneuverable.
While we have been using them for actions for over 25 years, the inspiration for their use came from unusual source. During the 1972 voyage of the Greenpeace yacht Vega against French nuclear testing, French commandos used inflatables to board the Vega and badly beat the skipper, David McTaggart. The effectiveness of the commando's boats was not lost on our tactical mastermind at the time, Bob Hunter. If they were effective for the French commandos surely Greenpeace could put them to good use.
A couple of years later, in 1975, the inflatables were out to challenge the Soviet whaling fleet and protect the whales from explosive harpoons, as they are still doing 31 years later.
Many inflatables have come and gone over the years, had barrels of radioactive waste dropped on them, been squashed by ships transporting illegal timber, impounded by police or just plain worn out. But all the inflatables onboard our ships have names. Some mundanely named after their color or manufacturer. But some are more imaginatively named. Currently onboard the Esperanza is one nicknamed the African Queen, after the ship which ferried Humphrey Bogart and Kathryn Hepburn up the Congo in the movie of the same name.
Bayak was purchased in Portland, Oregon by Pat Herron. On the drive back to Seattle, when Pat was brainstorming for a name for the new boat, he saw a raven flying over the van. Later on, Pat remembered seeing an illustrated copy of the Quileute aplhabet, and the letter 'B' stood for 'bayak,' which means raven. And so the boat was named.
The Quileute tribe in LaPush, Washington had always been a draw for Greenpeace Seattle. Greenpeace Seattle had been invited to their village in the early 80's to participate in sweats, potlatches, canoe trips, and more. In Northwest coastal tribes, bayak plays the same role in creation myths as the coyote does in other cultures. Bayak is always the trickster. In one legend, bayak steals an old man's sack of treasures and upon opening it, releases the Sun, Moon and the stars.
Pat says of the boat, "I have always seen Bayak the boat as more than just a tool to do actions. It was always the trickster, a way to create mischief, do something good for the planet with good friends...while enjoying life."
The Greenpeace RIB is named in honor of the late Patrick Colin Grech, who was a young, enthusiastic environmentalist who longed for a green and peaceful earth.
The Patrick Grech RIB is an '03 Avon SR6 (6 meter/20') with twin Yamaha 75hp engines. It can reach top speeds of 37 knots (42mph).
In addition to training environmentalists in the field, the Patrick Grech RIB was instrumental in the Gulf of Mexico after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010. The RIB aided researchers, scientists and media in their quest to investigate the true damage of the oil and its affects on wildlife.
The Greenpeace RIB is named in honor of Mariana, who was adopted from Guatemala by a loving family in the United States. Mariana’s new grandfather wanted to make a gift that would tie in saving a child from a life of poverty with saving the life of our planet.
The Mariana RIB is an '02 Zodiac Ribster LSC (light strike craft, made for military use, has an armored option). It has a 90hp clean burning two-stroke engine and measures 17'5” long.
Its main feature is its aluminum hull that can be broken down and folded onto a pallet for shipping. As a result, it’s a unique hybrid of the old rollup boats and the new rigid hulls. The saddle is adjustable too, so you can seat six in a line with the driver right in the bow, or three in a line, seated farther back (dryer).
The Mariana RIB is used to train environmentalists in the field and is always standing by for at-sea activities or operations.
In Memory of Hamilton Billy Greene
December 22, 2005. The Billy G inflatable blocking a Japanese whaling ship in the Southern Ocean. © Greenpeace/Kate Davison
Billy cherished all aspects of the natural world and took every opportunity to spend time in it: he was a backpacker, a snowboarder, swimmer, and a conscientious bicyclist. He always treated the Earth and everything on it with respect and love. Although he was a peace-loving person, he knew when more forceful, confrontational efforts needed to be made, and he greatly admired Greenpeace's work. It is fitting that "his" boat carry those who continue to seek to make the world a better place.
But probably the most inspiring story from the Billy G is a story from Nathan, one of the drivers...
The story of the Billy G... and how it came into our hands, should be told for it came to us as an exceptional act of love, kindness and support following a tragedy. The boat is names after Hamilton Billy Greene, called Billy by those who knew him. I never got the chance to meet the man, but here is what I know about him:
Billy Greene was a promising young filmmaker and animator who was shot and killed in Emeryville, California, on September 9, 2001, during an apparent robbery attempt. Born March 19, 1968, he was well known to have a sunny and generous personality. His art reflected his acute perceptiveness, gentleness, and subtle sense of humor. Billy's last work, the independently produced short animated film "Thought Bubble," premiered at the 2001 Sundance Film Festival. It has since been exhibited at film festivals worldwide and continues to win significant awards. He was also a performing musician and puppeteer.
Billy cherished the natural world and took every opportunity to spend time in it: he was a backpacker, a snowboarder, swimmer, and a conscientious bicyclist. He considered the Earth and everything on it with respect and love. He admired Greenpeace's history of peaceful direct action.
After his tragic death, his mother, Robin Davey, wanted to make a donation to Greenpeace in her son's name. She had her heart set on buying us the best boat we've ever had at Greenpeace USA; activists in inflatable boats confronting environmental wrongdoers at sea may be the most recognizable image of Greenpeace around the world. Activists in RHIBs have been chasing commercial whalers, industrial fishing trawlers, ships transporting toxic or radioactive materials, barges loaded with illegally harvested mahogany, and more for decades.
Ms. Davey wanted our new RIB to be outfitted with proper navigation and communications equipment, protect the driver and crew as much as possible, carry any equipment we may need and be built for the toughest of conditions.
My colleague Dan, our equipment specialist at Greenpeace USA, set about the task of searching for something suitable. We searched high and low but could not find a boat that would fit our unusual and specific needs, so eventually we decided to design and build our own. Dan worked with an outfit in Wales to design a boat especially for our purposes, designing every aspect of the boat to our specifications.
On September 27, 2003, a beautiful Saturday afternoon in Annapolis, Maryland, we officially launched the Billy Greene with members of his family. At 8 meters in length, with the extended range and payload capacities necessary to travel great distances, ability to carry up to18 people and 100 gallons of fuel, and capacity to store fresh food anddry clothes, it is indeed what Ms. Davey wanted for us.
It was clear when we were preparing to sail for the Southern Oceans to confront the whalers that the Billy G would be needed for this campaign. The Arctic Sunrise scooped up the Billy G in Miami on her way to Cape Town after completing Project Thin Ice, a successful journey around most of Greenland to call attention to the threats and realities of global warming and climate change, and brought her to Cape Town, where she was transferred to the Esperanza. During the trip down to where we are now, we worked to fit her with the custom water pump and spray delivery system and special safety equipment that has allowed the boat to be such a successful tool for frustrating the hunter ships. With her powerful engine yet delicate steering system, I've been able to hold the boat just off the bow of the hunter at high speeds and in pack ice, aiming the water spray up onto the harpoon deck and spotters' towers, causing the hunters to lose sight of whales and miss shots. The boat is tough but also amazingly agile in the water.
As I said, I never met Hamilton Billy Greene, but every day that I drive the boat I call in a radio check to the Esperanza bridge before we launch: "Esperanza, Esperanza: this is the Billy G, radio check?" and get the quick reply: "Billy Greene, Esperanza: loud and clear." From there after I am no longer Nathan, I am Billy G. until I'm safely back on deck. So to me, Billy Greene, the man, is down here with us, guiding this boat safely through these sublime waters and seascapes, foiling these hunter boats and running placing cover for the whales. It's an honor for me to get to put my hands on her wheel with him. Just to the left of the instruments on the console is a bronze plaque with his name and an etching of him, smiling and looking light and lively. I see it every time I take the helm and bring the boat to life.
It's folks like him and all of you who write us and send us your support, in whatever form you choose, that not only allow us to make the effort we're making, but also feel like you are here with us. Never underestimate the power of that, and the power you have, wherever you live, to play your own part in this and every struggle we're making fora better world.