Indonesia suspends climate polluters’ license to destroy rainforest
Greenpeace welcomed today’s decision by Indonesia’s Forest Minister, Zulkifli Hasan, to temporarily stop paper giant Asia Pacific Resources International Holding Limited (APRIL) from destroying the carbon-rich forest peatlands of Indonesia’s Kampar Peninsula, Sumatra, pending a review of the company’s permits.
The move follows a Greenpeace protest on November 12 to prevent the company destroying the forest and peatland in the area, in order to grow acacia plantations for the pulp and paper it supplies to the global market. Containing 2 billion tonnes of carbon, the endangered Kampar Peninsula is one of the planet’s largest natural carbon stores. (1) It is under threat of destruction by APRIL and Asia Pulp & Paper (APP). (2)
“By suspending this company’s licence to destroy the forest, the Indonesian authorities are giving the climate some breathing space. Deforestation is one of the roots of the climate crisis. We will only avert this crisis if President Yudhoyono and other world leaders permanently stop all companies like APRIL and APP from destroying the planet’s forests,” said Shailendra Yashwant, Campaign Director, Greenpeace Southeast Asia.
Deforestation causes about a fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions. (3) Over a million hectares of forest, mostly tropical rainforest, are destroyed every month – that is an area of forest the size of a football pitch every two seconds. Rainforest and peatland destruction in Indonesia emits such huge quantities of CO2 that is has driven the country to become the world's third largest climate polluter after China and the US. (4)
“To pull the world back from the brink of a climate crisis, we need Obama, Merkel, Sarkozy, Brown and other world leaders to commit to much deeper cuts in emissions from fossil fuels and to provide the critical funds needed so that countries like Indonesia can end deforestation.(5) If they fail, we will face mass species extinction, floods, droughts and famine before the end of the century,” added Yashwant.
Greenpeace set up a ‘Climate Defenders Camp’ on the Kampar Peninsula over three weeks ago to bring urgent attention to the role that rainforest and peatland destruction play in driving dangerous climate change in the run-up to the critical UN Copenhagen Climate Summit this December. Since then, the camp has been visited by ‘Inglourious Basterds’ film star Melanie Laurent, the US Ambassador to Indonesia and supported by Indonesian folk-rock star Iwan Fals. Over the last week, 13 international Greenpeace activists have been deported from Indonesia, even though they all held valid business visas.
Furthermore, two independent journalists have also been detained, questioned and subsequently deported - whilst holding valid permits and visas. This has prompted criticism and condemnation from parliamentarians, civil society and journalist associations both nationally and internationally.
“We hope the Indonesian authorities stop intimidating peaceful protestors who are trying to help President Yudhoyono fulfill the commitment he has made to cut Indonesia’s massive CO2 emissions,” said Bustar Maitar of Greenpeace Southeast Asia. “Instead, they must continue to investigate companies like APRIL that are destroying the forest and driving global climate change.”
Greenpeace is calling for an end to deforestation globally by 2020 as a key part of the UN climate negotiations this December.
VVPR info: Contacts: In US: Daniel Kessler, Greenpeace US Press Officer +1 510 761 5455 In Indonesia: Bustar Maitar, Greenpeace Southeast Asia Forest campaigner: +62 81344666135 Hikmat Soeritanuwijaya, Media Campaigner - Greenpeace Southeast Asia: +62 (0) 818930271 Photos, B roll and a video feature package are available from: Maarten van Rouveroy, Greenpeace International video producer: +31 (0) 646197322 John Novis, Greenpeace International photography: +44 (0) 7801 615 889
Notes: (1) Greenpeace calculation based on Wahyunto, S. Ritung dan H. Subagjo (2003). Maps of Area of Peatland Distribution and Carbon Content in Sumatera, 1990 – 2002. Wetlands International - Indonesia Programme & Wildlife Habitat Canada (WHC). (2) Combined, APRIL and APP control 73% of Indonesia’s total pulp capacity and own two of the world’s largest pulp mills (3) WRI 2008. Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) Version 6.0 (Washington, DC: World Resources Institute) http://cait.wri.org (4) Greenpeace estimates that ending global deforestation requires industrialised countries to invest $42 billion (€30 billion) annually in forest protection. (5) Calculated from: IPCC (2007). IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group III, Final Chapter 1. Page 104. Figure 1.2: Sources of global CO2 emissions, 1970-2004 (only direct emissions by sector). http://www.ipcc.ch/ipccreports/ar4-wg3.htm For further information please see: http://www.greenpeace.org/climatedefenders Background media briefing on Indonesia’s forests and climate change is available at: www.greenpeace.org/climatedefenders/rainforests-and-climate-change.