Russian authorities say Arctic 30 cannot return home
by Cassady Sharp
Greenpeace International activist Marco Paolo Weber (from Switzerland) is released on bail from the SIZO 1 detention centre in St. Petersburg.
The 'Arctic 30' (twenty-eight Greenpeace International activists, as well as a freelance photographer and a freelance videographer) face charges of piracy and hooliganism for a peaceful protest against oil drilling in the Arctic.
The Kalininskiy Court in St Petersburg granted bail to Marco, on Wednesday (20th November) pending the payment of 2 million ruble bail. He has now left the detention centre, but the conditions of his bail are not yet fully known.
© Dmitri Sharomov / Greenpeace
Russia Parliament grants amnesty to Arctic 30: READ MORE
The Russian authorities have told the Arctic 30 that they cannot leave the country, defying the ruling of an international court which ordered that they should be allowed to go home immediately.
Russias powerful Investigative Committee has written to one of the 30 - Anne Mie Jensen from Denmark - indicating that they are not free to leave the country. Lawyers for Greenpeace expect all of the non-Russian defendants to be treated in the same way by the authorities, meaning they would now be forced to stay in St Petersburg for Christmas and possibly well beyond.
Last week lawyers for the Arctic 30 asked the Committee to contact the Federal Migration Service (FMS) and request visas for the non-Russians, so they can leave Russia and return if summoned by the authorities. But in its letter to Anne Mie, the Committee says it is not willing to ask the FMS to issue the visas. The FMS has previously said it will not issue visas until it receives a direct request from the Investigative Committee.
Arctic 30 lawyers also sought an assurance from the Investigative Committee that it would give at least one months notice when it wanted to interview the Greenpeace defendants - otherwise they would risk inadvertently breaking their bail conditions if they returned home to their families. In its letter to Anne Mie the Committee says it will not provide the requested notice.
Peter Willcox is Captain of the Arctic Sunrise - the ship seized by Russia after a peaceful protest at an oil platform in the Pechora Sea - and is one of the Arctic 30 currently restricted to the city of St Petersburg. He said:
I am ready to go home to my family. We were seized in international waters and brought to Russia against our will, then charged with a crime we didnt commit and kept in jail for two months. A respected international court says we should be allowed to go home, so do numerous Presidents and Prime Ministers, but we cant get visas to leave the country, and even if we could theres no guarantee the Investigative Committee wont schedule an interview for the day I get home, forcing me to break my bail conditions. This is either a mistake and were caught in a vicious bureaucratic circle, or its a deliberate snub against international law. Either way this is a farce.
A ruling in November by the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) - made up of twenty-one eminent judges - ordered Russia to allow the Arctic 30 to leave the country immediately and to release the Greenpeace ship Arctic Sunrise, as soon as a bond of 3.6m euros in the form of a bank guarantee was paid. That bond was posted by the Government of the Netherlands - where the Arctic Sunrise is registered - on 29th November. Russia is now in defiance of that order.
Greenpeace International legal counsel Daniel Simons said:
The Russian Federation is now in clear breach of a binding order of an international tribunal. As President Vladimir Putin stated in his famous open letter to the American people on Syria, The law is still the law, and we must follow it whether we like it or not. In his State of the Nation speech yesterday in Moscow, he added: We try not to lecture anyone but promote international law. Its time for the authorities to act in that spirit and allow the Arctic 30 to go home to their families immediately.
In its letter to Anne Mie the Investigative Committee said it would not release the Arctic Sunrise because its continued seizure was authorised by a Russian court.
An amnesty decree likely to be voted on by the Duma (Russian parliament) this month could still see legal proceedings against the Arctic 30 dropped. A draft of the decree submitted by President Putin does not include the Arctic 30, although a small amendment by the Duma would see them covered by the amnesty.
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