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Papuan traditional dancers pose infront of the Rainbow Warrior in Jayapura, Papua, Indonesia,[/caption]
I grew up in West Papua, which sits in the far west of the worlds biggest archipelago. I studied forestry in the provinces capital, but grew up in another city called Jayapura. If West Papua is considered frontier land, then Jayapura is certainly the wild west.
Its an obscure and isolated part of the world. Wild, green and untamed, this part of the world is home to one of the earths last glaciers in the tropics and some of the richest biodiversity on this planet.
Ive returned to my old stomping grounds for an important reason. Today, our ship, the Rainbow Warrior III, arrived in Jayapura, Indonesia to begin an ambitious and historic visit. Just three years ago in 2010, the Rainbow Warrior II was unceremoniously escorted back to international waters by the navy. But thankfully no such misunderstanding took place this time. We are here to celebrate my countrys stunning, yet fragile environment.
For too long our forests and oceans have been under siege. Fifty years ago, 82% of Indonesia was covered with forests but in the last decade, this has dropped to 48% due to rampant deforestation for paper and oil palm plantations and mining.
Indonesias seas are also among the most diverse coastal and marine habitats, but experts identify the countrys coral reefs as among the worlds most threatened biodiversity hotspots, at risk from overfishing, pollution and climate change.
But let me tell you why this is important to you, no matter if youre sitting in Jakarta, London or Berlin.
The destruction of the worlds forests is one of the main causes of climate change, second only to the energy sector. Indonesia loses approximately 1.1 million ha, or 1.2% of its forest area per year.
And believe it or not, according to some estimates, Indonesia ranks as one of the worlds largest greenhouse gas emitters, behind countries like the United States and China.
But the world stands to lose a lot more. Only around 400 Sumatran tigers are still left because its habitat is disappearing. And in West Papua the bird of paradise is iconic to the region but now they are threatened as industrial plantations and logging imperil their homes.
My island nation, scattered between the Pacific and Indian oceans is teeming with life and unparalleled beauty, but so much is at threat. I hope our journey aboard the Rainbow Warrior will help support the political will needed so that initiatives like the governments forest moratorium is strengthened and so industrial fishing doesn't kill our oceans. I hope this journey also will bring hope to other indigenous people on this island, to show that together we can protect the future.
When I come back in ten years time, West Papua probably wont be the frontier land it is now. But I sure hope development doesnt mean losing everything that makes this country so beautiful.
I hope we will at least have learnt how to live in harmony with our environment.