11 名諾貝爾和平獎得主聲援綠色和平北極行動者

新聞稿 - 2013-10-18
【2013年10月17日│阿姆斯特丹】 包括總主教戴斯蒙‧屠圖(Archbishop Desmond Tutu)在內的 11 位諾貝爾和平獎得主一起致信給俄羅斯總統普丁,聲援目前仍被拘留在俄羅斯監獄中的 28 名綠色和平行動者及 2 名自由攝影師。

11名諾貝爾和平獎得主聲援綠色和平北極行動者

他們在信中呼籲普丁總統應該「盡可能撤銷對 28 名綠色和平行動者與兩名自由攝影師的過當指控,並提出符合國際法與俄羅斯法律的調查。」

發信的 11 位得主表示,北極是「人類珍貴的寶藏」,他們都支持停止危險的北極鑽油。

「北極鑽油是一項危險且高風險的生意。一旦發生任何漏油意外,地球上最純淨、獨特、美麗的景色將不復存在。漏油對北極原生居民、脆弱的生物都會帶來毀滅性的長遠影響。這樣的風險不容忽視,但石油產業的回應顯然難以應付這樣的危機。北極鑽油同時也會加劇氣候變遷,無論在北極或世界其他地方,氣候變遷威脅著全人類。若已開發國家不立刻起身行動,我們必須付出的代價就是失去這全世界最脆弱的地方。」

公開信所有參與人名單:
南非主教戴斯蒙屠圖(Desmond Tutu)
北愛爾蘭和平運動者Betty Williams
哥斯大黎加前總統 Oscar Arias Sanchez
美國和平運動者 Jody Williams
賴比瑞亞和平運動者Leymah Gbowee
葉門和平運動者Tawakkol Karman
瓜地馬拉社會運動者 Rigoberta Menchu Tum
北愛爾蘭和平運動者 Mairead Maguire
伊朗前法官與人權律師 Shirin Ebadi
東帝汶前總統Jose Ramos Horta
阿根廷社區運動者Adolpho Perez Esquivel

28名綠色和平行動者與 2 名自由攝影師在 9 月 18 號因和平抗議俄羅斯石油公司Gazprom在北極的鑽油平台Prirazlomnaya遭到拘留。10月2日法院判決為海盜罪,最高可能被判 15 年監禁。目前 30 名人員均被拘留於 Murmansk,北極圈中最大的城市。

俄羅斯總統普丁曾在上月底參與國際北極論壇時表示,「綠色和平的行為明顯非海盜。」

目前全球已有130萬人連署聲援釋放「北極30人」,並在全球49國超過250地點都有聲援行動。此外,國際記者聯盟(International Federation of Journalists)以及歐洲記者聯盟(European Federation of Journalists)皆要求釋放兩名自由攝影師。(國際記者聯盟公開聲明


以下為信件英文全文

Dear President Putin,
 
RE: Drop piracy charges & immediately release the “Arctic 30”
 
We are writing to ask you to do all you can to ensure that the excessive charges of piracy against the 28 Greenpeace activists, freelance photographer and freelance videographer are dropped, and that any charges brought are consistent with international and Russian law. We are confident that you share our desire to respect the right to nonviolent protest.
 
As you know, Russian authorities have detained 30 members of the Greenpeace ship Arctic Sunrise crew since September 19 when armed Russian authorities boarded the vessel in the Pechora Sea. The crew—which includes Russians and numerous other nationalities—had been engaged in a peaceful, nonviolent protest.
 
We were heartened by your statement, on September 25th, that you did not believe the Greenpeace crew members were pirates. As you know, the Greenpeace activists were unarmed and used only peaceful means to demonstrate their opposition to the oil drilling operations threatening the Arctic.
 
Arctic oil drilling is a dangerous, high-risk enterprise. An oil spill under these icy waters would have a catastrophic impact on one of the most pristine, unique and beautiful landscapes on earth. The impact of a spill on communities living in the Arctic, and on already vulnerable animal species, would be devastating and long lasting. The risks of such an accident are ever present, and the oil industry’s response plans remain wholly inadequate.
 
Equally important is the contribution of Arctic oil drilling to climate change. Climate change in the Arctic and elsewhere threatens all of us, but it is the world’s most vulnerable who are paying the price for developed countries’ failure to act. Now is the time to accelerate our transition away from fossil fuels and move towards a future built on safe, clean and renewable energy.
We urge all states to do their utmost to protect this precious treasure of humanity, while moving beyond a dependency on oil as an energy source. As one of the countries most directly concerned, we call on you to personally lead that effort.
 
We, like millions of people around the world, are watching this case, eager to see Russian authorities drop the piracy charges, treat the “Arctic 30” in accordance with international law, reaffirm the right to nonviolent protest, and rededicate efforts to protect the Arctic.
 
Sincerely,
 
Mairead Maguire, Nobel Peace Laureate (1976) — Northern Ireland
Betty Williams, Nobel Peace Laureate (1976) — Northern Ireland
Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Nobel Peace Laureate (1980) — Argentina
Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Nobel Peace Laureate (1984) — South Africa
Oscar Arias Sánchez, Nobel Peace Laureate (1987)  - Costa Rica
Rigoberta Menchú Tum, Nobel Peace Laureate (1992) — Guatemala
José Ramos Horta, Nobel Peace Laureate (1996) — East Timor
Jody Williams, Nobel Peace Laureate (1997) — USA
Shirin Ebadi, Nobel Peace Laureate (2003) — Iran
Tawakkol Karman, Nobel Peace Laureate (2011) — Yemen
Leymah Gbowee, Nobel Peace Laureate (2011) — Liberia