Africa’s climate is visualised as stripes that show how the continent’s average temperature has changed over the decades from 1850–2019. Each coloured stripe represents one year; warmer years are red and cooler years are blue.

The graphic was developed by Professor Ed Hawkins from the National Centre for Atmospheric Science at the University of Reading’s Department of Meteorology in the United Kingdom. Billions of pieces of data were used to create hundreds of images that cover every country in the world and which are available to download free of charge. To create a climate stripes graphic for other countries, regions and states, or for the global overview, visit: (The graphic is licensed for reproduction as part the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International, CC BY 4.0).

Take-home messages