Which carmaker is doing the worst
to save our climate?
Click on a carmaker to see the results.
*ICE: Internal Combustion Engines, i.e. fossil fuel vehicles, including hybrids.
The results are based on a Greenpeace East Asia report: Auto Environmental Guide 2021, published on 1 November 2021. Overall grades also reflect extra deductions on evidence of negative climate lobbying and serious violation of CO2 emission-related regulations.
ICE phase-out date (Hyundai only)
2035 – Europe
2040 – China, South Korea, US
Find out how we evaluated the carmakers.
Phase out fossil fuel vehicles (ICE vehicles), including hybrids.
For an average car, 80% of its life cycle greenhouse gas emissions are produced when it’s driven.5
Supply chain decarbonization
The other 20% of a car’s life cycle emissions are released when it’s manufactured, especially during steel production.4
Sustainable use of resources
Carmakers must reduce resource consumption, reuse batteries, and recover metals to minimise environmental impact.
The top automakers should:
- Phase out all fossil fuel vehicles (including hybrids) before 2030 in major markets, and by 2028 in Europe.5
- Decarbonise the supply chain, in particular steel and battery production
- Reduce consumption of resources and enhance resource circularity
- Move beyond selling cars for personal ownership to promoting mobility solution-centric business models such as car sharing
1 IEA: Global EV outlook.
2 IEA: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Energy: Overview.
3 Toyota opposed stricter car emissions standards or fought electric vehicle mandates in markets including the Australia, EU, US, and UK.
4 IEA: Comparative life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions of a mid-size BEV and ICE vehicle.
5 According to WRI’s State of Climate Action 2021 report, in order to be aligned with the Paris Agreement’s 1.5°C temperature goal, the share of BEVs and FCEVs in global car sales would need to reach 75% by 2025, and in leading markets would need to hit 100% by 2030.
6 Greenpeace East Asia: Auto Environmental Guide 2021, A comparative analysis of global automakers’ decarbonisation: recent actions and future plans.