An international tribunal has awarded the Netherlands €5.395.561,61 plus interest in damages over the high-profile Greenpeace ‘Arctic 30’ dispute with Russia, concluding proceedings which resoundingly reaffirm the right to peaceful protest at sea.

The award follows a lengthy course of arbitration dating back to the unlawful boarding, seizing and detention of the Greenpeace ship, Arctic Sunrise, following a peaceful protest in international waters in September 2013. [1] [2]

The 30 men and women on board (28 Greenpeace activists and two freelance journalists), known as the ‘Arctic 30’, spent two months in prison – first in the Arctic city of Murmansk and later in St Petersburg – before being released on bail and finally freed altogether by an amnesty adopted by the Russian Duma.

The Arctic Sunrise itself was returned to Greenpeace after nine months at port in Murmansk, having suffered considerable damage during the arrest and subsequent detention inside the Arctic Circle. [3] Inflatable boats and other equipment had also sustained serious damage.

Jasper Teulings, Greenpeace International General Counsel, said:
“The road to justice can be long but today’s award emphatically upholds international law and the right to peaceful protest against oil drilling in the Arctic – and at sea worldwide.”

Ben Ayliffe, Arctic campaigner for Greenpeace International, added:

“The Arctic 30’s peaceful protest showed the world the extreme lengths some governments and corporations would go to in order to try and keep us hooked on oil. The brave action they took at that remote drilling platform inspired millions of people to come together to stand against the oil industry. From the icy Arctic to the Amazon Mouth and the tar sands pipelines of North America, people have followed the example of the Arctic 30 and are helping create a greener, safer and more prosperous world that no longer relies on fossil fuels or oil companies.”

Russia was held liable [1] in August 2015 for the boarding, seizing and detention of the Arctic Sunrise and for subsequent measures taken against the vessel and the individuals on board. Today’s award puts a figure on the damages owed by Russia.

Throughout the case, the Russian government refused to participate at any stage of the legal proceedings or to pay its share of the legal costs set by the Tribunal [4]. It is therefore not yet clear whether Russia will comply with today’s binding ruling to pay damages. Any of those funds that are forwarded by the Dutch government to Greenpeace International will go towards covering costs incurred, including ship repairs – and of course compensation for immaterial damages suffered by the members of the Arctic 30 will be passed to the 30 individuals themselves.

Last week, after an extensive refit and refurbishment, the Arctic Sunrise set sail to campaign against exploratory oil drilling in the Barents Sea by Norwegian company Statoil [5], which is ploughing further north than ever before. Greenpeace and allies are challenging these plans in court and the Arctic Sunrise will play a leading role exposing the recklessness of drilling above the Arctic Circle this summer. [6]

Separately from the arbitration brought by the Netherlands, the Arctic 30 have applied to the European Court of Human Rights, arguing that the actions of the Russian authorities breached their rights to liberty and freedom of expression. That case is still in its early stages. [7]


[1] Award of the Tribunal, August 2015, in which Russia was held liable

Presiding over the case is a five-member international arbitral tribunal, based in Vienna, formed specifically to hear the case in accordance with Annex VII of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. In November 2013, while the tribunal was being established, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) in Hamburg ordered the immediate release of the vessel and her crew as a provisional measure. The Russian Federation failed to comply with that order.

[2] Case view of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (acting as registry): here 

[3] Photo and video of Arctic Sunrise damage, repairs and return to Amsterdam

Arctic Sunrise returns from Murmansk to Amsterdam (June – August 2014) – photo and video: here 

Repair activities on damaged interiors of the Arctic Sunrise, August 2014 – photo: here
Final refurbishment and preparation (July 2017): here  

[4] Russia’s official response to the award on the merits issued in August 2015 can be found here

[5] See

[6] Lawsuit accepted by the court: here 

[7] Press release on the ECHR case: here

[8] Press release of the Permanent Court of Arbitration on the compensation award: here

[9] Link to Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs press release (Dutch) and MFA website


Ben Ayliffe, Arctic and Oil Campaign, Greenpeace International: [email protected] , +44 7815708683

Maria Favorskaya, Communications, Greenpeace Russia: [email protected] / +7 (495) 988 74 60 ext 424

Jasper Teulings, General Counsel, Greenpeace International: [email protected], +31 6 2000 5229

Daniel Simons, Legal Counsel, Greenpeace International: [email protected], +45 278 289 01

Greenpeace International press desk (24hrs): [email protected], +31 207 18 2470