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So here’s the thing: we have little more than a decade left to slam the brakes on the climate crisis and double down on our global commitments to the Paris Climate Agreement.

In Europe, the transport sector is currently responsible for over one-quarter of Europe’s CO² emissions — with 45% of that coming from road transport alone — putting it dead center in our climate emergency. It’s choking our communities with air pollution while rapidly heating our planet.

Climate Protest with CO2 Debt Clock in Berlin © Kevin McElvaney / Greenpeace

Climate Protest with CO2 Debt Clock in Berlin © Kevin McElvaney / Greenpeace

If we’re to avoid the most catastrophic effects of climate change and ensure clean air in cities across the globe, we need our leaders to build the road for a transport revolution. One that begins with a plan to phase out diesel and petrol cars as soon as possible and improves public transport that is powered by renewable energy.

So what can policymakers do to help shift polluting transport to electric?

We wanted to understand what policy measures governments have been using to get diesel and petrol cars off the roads. So with research done by the Ecologic Institute and produced by Greenpeace Germany, here are 6 key ways that policymakers can help transition cities away from highly polluting diesel and petrol vehicles to electric:

  1. Ban the sale of the internal combustion engine and force companies to produce more electric vehicles (EVs)

Governments have the legal power to tell car companies to produce a minimum quota of EVs or to ban the future sale of diesel and petrol cars. This is the most effective way of getting diesel and petrol cars off the road!

Protest at the EU Transport Ministers in Luxembourg © Sara Poza / Greenpeace

Activists from Germany, Poland, Belgium and Greenpeace Luxembourg peacefully demonstrated outside a meeting of EU Transport Ministers in Luxembourg © Sara Poza / Greenpeace

  1. Make EV charging infrastructure widespread and universal

We need to help make charging stations widespread and accessible. If they don’t generate a profit from the start, this has to be supported through subsidies or via public and private partnerships. This is something governments and decision-makers can do to make a huge difference in EV acceptance.

  1. The times they are a-changin’ (aka: be flexible!)

Governments need to watch the markets and make their financial and non-financial incentives to buy EVs match technological trends.

  1. Have different policy tools in the toolbox

Countries with a mix of policy measures have been most successful at quickly ramping up the widespread adoption of EVs.  Making sure that vehicle-makers build EVs, combined with offering to subsidise the cost of buying an electric vehicle will make our roads a lot less polluting.

  1. Make the switch from diesel and petrol to electric too good to pass up

Tax the high-polluting vehicles while giving financial breaks for those who choose electric can make sustainable transport much for attractive.

  1. Tell everyone your plan (for the people in the back!)

People might not be fully aware of financial benefits and other incentives — so tell them! Information and guidance about new policy measures should be easily accessible and simple to understand.

Activists Demand CLEAN AIR at Statue of Liberty in Budapest © Pawel Starnawski / Greenpeace

Greenpeace activists climbed the Statue of Liberty, an iconic site in Budapest, Hungary to demand politicians act for clean air. © Pawel Starnawski / Greenpeace

Electric vehicles should be considered as one part of a larger roadmap for decision-makers, helping to guide them through a successful transition away from petrol and diesel vehicles to one that promotes a radical and sustainable shift in urban mobility. Yet, with all the advantages EVs bring to the table, remember this: it will not be sustainable to simply replace all vehicles with electric ones. We must double down on drastically reducing the number of personal cars on the road and invest more heavily in sustainable public transport, cycling and walking.

Want to read more? Check out the report here and join the transport revolution conversation on Twitter with the hashtag #CleanAirNow.

Lauren Reid is the international communications lead for the Clean Air Now campaign with Greenpeace Belgium