This report details the cumulative threats facing our oceans and includes a new global analysis of high seas fishing activity. It details how ocean warming, acidification, pollution and the emerging threat of deep sea mining are placing ever more strain on ocean ecosystems, making clear the urgency of political action to protect 30% of the world’s oceans by 2030.

English version (other languages available below):

In March 2023, history was made when the UN finally agreed on a new Global Ocean Treaty. This Treaty is a powerful tool that can help governments protect the high seas and deliver 30X30. But time is running out to meet this goal and ocean threats are multiplying. Governments need to act swiftly to sign and ratify the Treaty

Alongside ratification, governments must also start to develop the first ocean sanctuaries proposals. The report therefore outlines the political steps and actions necessary to establish ocean sanctuaries using the Treaty.

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