The world’s leading climate scientists just released their latest massive assessment on the impacts of climate change and how and to what extent those impacts can be adapted to.

No time to dive into the thousands of pages? No worries. Here’s the 5 key takeaways we think you should know about the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report on impacts, adaptation and vulnerability.

1. Climate risks are appearing faster and will get more severe sooner.

This really nails it. Climate change is already causing widespread losses and damages to nature and people, destroying lives, homes, livelihoods and culture. And it will get worse. Scientists have now updated their overall assessment on Reasons For Concern for future warming levels, and concluded that risks will increase to high and very high levels at lower global warming levels than previously assessed (in AR5). Already now, warming effects on ecosystems have been experienced earlier, are more widespread and with further-reaching consequences than anticipated. 

Storm Causes Landslides and Takes the Life of Over a Hundred People in Petrópolis, Brazil. © Thomas Mendel / Greenpeace
On February 15th, Petrópolis, located in the mountains north of Rio de Janeiro, faced its biggest storm since 1932, according to the National Center for Monitoring Natural Disasters (Cemaden) and the National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). © Thomas Mendel / Greenpeace

2. We are not prepared, even for the current impacts, and it is costing lives.

While attempts to adapt to the worsening climate hazards have increased globally, most of it is still too little too late. As a result, the number of people and assets exposed to climate hazards has been increasing, not declining.

Lives and homes have been lost around the world, but in highly vulnerable countries mortality from floods, drought and storms was a whopping 15 times higher in the past decade, compared to countries with very low vulnerability.

It didn’t need to be this way. Inclusive, equitable, sufficiently resourced and adequately implemented plans on adaptation and climate resilient development, that meet the needs of the most vulnerable, would save lives, homes and futures

3. More warming brings more problems. Limiting warming to 1.5°C would substantially reduce projected losses and damages, but can not eliminate them.

Every increment of further warming is making the situation worse, pushing more people and species to their limits and beyond. Near-term actions that limit global warming to close to 1.5°C (the Paris Climate Agreement warming limit) would substantially reduce projected losses and damages to humans and ecosystems, but cannot eliminate them. Those losses and damages are unequally distributed and are not comprehensively addressed by current financial, governance and institutional arrangements, particularly in vulnerable low to middle income countries.

IPCC Report: Activists Call on the Government to Take Action in Luxembourg. © Greenpeace / Anais Hector
With the release of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report on the “Physical Science Basis” of climate change, the scientists again warn the political leaders to take urgent action. This report is the first of three reports the IPCC will publish over the next year as part of its 6th Assessment Report. © Greenpeace / Anais Hector

4. We must restore nature and protect at least 30% of the Earth for it to protect us.

Safeguarding planetary health is essential for human and societal health and a precondition for climate resilient development. Diverse, self-sustaining ecosystems with healthy biodiversity provide multiple essential contributions for tackling climate change. That’s why the IPCC puts strong emphasis on the potentials and needs of ecosystem-based adaptation and mitigation. Importantly, scientists emphasize that maintaining the resilience of biodiversity and ecosystem services depends on effective conservation of approximately 30% to 50% of Earth’s land, freshwater and ocean areas, including currently near-natural ecosystems.

5. This is the critical decade for securing a liveable, equitable and sustainable future. Need to move from incremental to transformational, inclusive change.

Climate change impacts and risks are becoming increasingly complex and more difficult to manage, as different hazards occur simultaneously and interact with multiple risks created by unsustainable development models and social injustice. Hence, what’s needed is not more incremental steps, but comprehensive and inclusive transitions in energy, food, industrial, urban and societal systems that deliver climate resilient, equitable development. Without any delay.

As the IPCC concludes: “The cumulative scientific evidence is unequivocal: Climate change is a threat to human well-being and planetary health. Any further delay in concerted anticipatory global action on adaptation and mitigation will miss a brief and rapidly closing window of opportunity to secure a liveable and sustainable future for all. (very high confidence)”

Ready to move into action right away? Well here’s another 5-point list on action you can take with us:

1. Exit fossil fuels. Now.

This is the no-brainer. When in a hole, stop digging. Every tonne of carbon we release into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels is making the situation worse. Even the International Energy Agency, once known for its conservative projections of the world, now says it’s possible to switch from fossil fuels to an energy system dominated by renewable energy. So let’s do it!

2. Protect at least 30 percent by 2030.

In March governments are convening at the United Nations to negotiate a Global Ocean Treaty that enables the creation of protected areas in the global oceans. Later in the year, governments will gather at the United Nations Biodiversity Summit (CBD) COP15, where they must commit to protecting at least 30% of terrestrial and marine areas by 2030. This should be done in full respect of Indigenous Peoples’ and local communities’ rights. 

Coral Reef in Andaman Sea © Sirachai Arunrugstichai / Greenpeace
Andaman sea, Satun, Thailand. © Sirachai Arunrugstichai / Greenpeace

Add your name to to support a strong Global Oceans Treaty here.

3. Deliver on climate justice.

People have rights. Governments have duties. Let’s make them accountable. In the last year alone, an unprecedented number of key decisions with far-reaching impacts were issued in courtrooms. Impacted communities will continue to vindicate their human rights and demand justice. Just like the cascading impacts of climate, all of these climate cases are connected and reinforce a global standard that climate protection is a human right. Join the rapidly growing global movement and raise your voice for people and the planet!

Raise your voice for people and the planet!

Climate Walk in Manila © Nathaniel Garcia / Greenpeace
Raise your voice for Climate Justice

It’s time for all of us to assert our rights, demand climate justice, and a dignified way of life.

Take action

4. Fight for the future we deserve

The current development model based on infinite growth and extraction is unjust and obsolete. It needs to go. We deserve a future that respects people and the limits and cycles of the earth. A future where there is no power of economic gains over life; one connected with nature, rooted in a diversity of communities where decisions are made inclusively and equality is assured. 

Super Typhoon Rai Aftermath in Surigao City. © Jilson Tiu / Greenpeace
Greenpeace campaigner Khevin Yu calls for “Climate Justice Now” amid the wreckage caused by Typhoon Odette in Surigao City. © Jilson Tiu / Greenpeace

Stand together with the Indigenous People and Traditional communities to save the Amazon rainforest from greed here.

5. Face the reality, with brutal honesty.

To fix a problem, we need to first face it, with brutal honesty. Currently we are neither preparing for the 1.5°C world we should be heading, nor for the 2.7°C world where we’re sliding into. We are just drifting. Completely unprepared for the hazards ahead.

Let’s take control of our futures and push governments to action!

Share the word.

Show you have heard the science.

Kaisa Kosonen is a Senior Policy Advisor with Greenpeace Nordic.