Greenpeace Compass Logo Greenpeace Compass Logo

Winter 2022

Compass | The Real Cost of Tuna

A Magazine By

Greenpeace Logo

From the Co-Executive Directors

From the Arctic down through the major circles of latitude to Antarctica, the places people and wildlife call home are under siege. Climate destruction is reshaping environments and wrecking communities and taking lives and livelihoods in climate disaster after climate disaster. And the fossil fuel industry is at the epicenter of this climate chaos and calamity.

For decades, fossil fuel executives have prioritized corporate profits before all else—our homes and communities, the habitats and ecosystems wildlife won’t survive without, our climate and our future—all of it sacrificed in their greed. And today, the Big Polluters’ strategy is to distract and delay, doing anything they can to prevent the world from quitting coal, oil, and gas so they can keep making money.

But thanks to your generous support, Greenpeace is able to conduct groundbreaking research, leverage science, and strip away the veneer of corporate greenwashing. We are issuing hard-hitting exposés and shouting truth to power to confront the fossil fuel industry and bring about systemic change. With your backing, we are throwing down with everything we’ve got to fight for environmental justice and protect our only home, this fragile blue planet.

Your partnership is our strength, and in this fight for our future—for all life on Earth—we’re very grateful you’re right there with us, making all of our campaigning possible.

For a green and peaceful future,

Annie Leonard, Greenpeace USA Co-Executive Director
Ebony Twilley Martin, Greenpeace USA Co-Executive Director

Signature of Annie Leonard, Executive Director

Annie Leonard, Executive Director

Greenpeace USA

Our Mission

Greenpeace, Inc. is the leading independent campaigning organization that uses peaceful direct action and creative communication to expose global environmental problems and promote solutions that are essential to a green and peaceful future. Please visit to learn more about Greenpeace, Inc., and to learn more about Greenpeace Fund, Inc.
This update is intended to provide a comprehensive summary of all Greenpeace campaign activities. Please note that all donations to Greenpeace Fund, Inc. were solely used in connection with 501(c)(3) permissible activities. ISSN: 8899-0190. Unless otherwise noted, all contents are © Greenpeace, Inc.

© PHOTOGRAPHER / Greenpeace

An Historic Climate Bill: the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly

By Ashley Thomson

The U.S. passed the long-awaited reconciliation bill, ultimately called the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) in the end, and it makes the most significant investment in renewable energy in American history. But it also includes major giveaways to the fossil fuel industry and continues to sacrifice frontline communities in the name of expanding toxic, polluting energy.

As we hold this core tension of the different sides of the legislation, here’s a quick breakdown of what you need to know about these bills: the good, the bad, and the ugly.

The Good

The Inflation Reduction Act authorizes billions of dollars in sorely-needed investments for renewable energy projects and technologies like electric vehicle infrastructure, heat pumps, and advanced grid technologies. It will fund a down payment on the good-paying, union jobs necessary for actualizing a just transition off fossil fuels to a renewable energy economy.

And the IRA provides billions in funding for environmental justice communities, but we need to continue advocating for higher levels of funding extended for use over the next decade that’s more accessible to the communities that need it most.

The Bad

In a stark juxtaposition to the clean energy investments in the bill, the IRA also sets aside funds for investments in expensive false-solutions that will extend a lifeline to the fossil fuel industry.

“The Inflation Reduction Act includes much needed investment in renewable energy, and a down payment on the union jobs we need to propel a green economy. But it is also a slap in the face to the frontline communities, grassroots groups, and activists that made this legislation possible.” —Ebony Martin in Greenpeace USA’s statement on the bill’s passage

Perhaps most importantly, the bill fails to address the root causes of the climate crisis—the extraction and burning of fossil fuels.

The Ugly

To win support from coal baron Senator Joe Manchin, it is rife with corporate giveaways and handouts aimed at allowing the fossil fuel industry to continue business as usual. In doing so, the IRA continues to sacrifice historically underserved communities that have been systematically oppressed by colonialism and environmental racism. These are the same communities that are currently bearing the worst impacts from fossil fuel infrastructure and experiencing the brunt of climate damage.

Though the Inflation Reduction Act falls short of the broad-reaching climate action necessary for thwarting the worst of the climate crisis, all hope is not lost. Our movement is diverse and powerful. We have the power to push oily politicians like Joe Manchin into action. In the meantime, President Joe Biden has the executive power to catalyze bold climate action by declaring a climate emergency and stopping the expansion of fossil fuels.

The fight is not over! We still have so much more work ahead of us in the fight for climate justice. Together, we can push our members of Congress and President Biden to act in the best interest of a climate-safe future where all communities are able to thrive.

We Passed a Climate Bill … With a Dirty Deal??

The Inflation Reduction Act was in part passed in exchange for a backroom handshake-deal between Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer and Senator Joe Manchin. This deal is an attempt to gut the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) to fast track harmful fossil fuel projects. NEPA is one of the main tools that communities have to make their voices heard in opposition to projects that will affect them, and the permitting reform is attempting to silence frontline voices, particularly those of Black, Indigenous, people of color, low-income, and/or rural communities that so many of these infrastructure projects harm.

Greenpeace mobilized immediately—even before the details of the bill were leaked—urging members of Congress to stand against this destructive power grab and join millions of Americans fighting to stop this dirty deal. And thanks to millions of people like you, we succeeded in stripping the Dirty Deal from must-pass government funding legislation.

This is a victory for anyone who enjoys breathing clean air and drinking clean water. This proposal was not “permitting reform”—it was a handout to the companies that continue to be caught red-handed attempting to delay climate action and silence community protectors. We know that Big Oil and their backers in Congress will try to sneak the Dirty Deal through Congress again before the end of the year. That’s why we need to build on this victory and, through people power, demand an end to backroom deals that sacrifice the health and safety of our communities at the altar of Big Oil profits.

Ashley Thomson

Greenpeace USA Senior Campaigner on Climate

Arrow indicating next article below

© PHOTOGRAPHER / Greenpeace

New Greenpeace Ranking: Race to the Top Five Major Electric Vehicle Companies Say No to Deep Sea Mining

By Tanya Brooks

This year Greenpeace USA unveiled our web application that ranks eight major electric vehicle (EV) manufacturers on their public stance on deep sea mining. Deep sea mining companies are counting on the EV market to launch this destructive industry, which could begin operations as early as next year.

Five of the eight EV manufacturers ranked by Greenpeace (Rivian, Renault, BMW Group, Volvo, and Volkswagen) have publicly supported a global moratorium on deep sea mining and publicly committed to not sourcing minerals from the deep seabed. U.S. automakers Ford, General Motors, and Tesla were at the bottom of the ranking, as they have not made a commitment supporting a moratorium on deep sea mining nor publicly pledged to exclude deep sea minerals from their supply chains.

Should deep sea mining begin on an industrial scale, it would cause significant and irreversible damage to our oceans and unknown impacts on our climate. The stance taken by Rivian, Renault, BMW Group, Volvo, and Volkswagen against deep sea mining is a strong signal to the mining companies lining up to plunder one of the most important and fragile ecosystems on Earth that this new industry may not even have a market. Greenpeace USA is urging Ford, General Motors, and Tesla to follow suit—their silence on this issue is not acceptable.

Greenpeace USA Slams Shock Decision to Green-light Deep Sea Mining

In September, the International Seabed Authority (ISA) granted permission to Nauru Oceans Resources Incorporated (a subsidiary of The Metals Company) to begin “exploratory” mining in the Clarion Clipperton Zone between Hawai’i and Mexico.

The ISA was set up by the United Nations with the purpose of regulating the international seabed, with a mandate to protect it. Instead, they are now enabling mining of the critically important international seafloor. ISA’s Legal and Technical Commission, which approved these mining activities, reportedly includes persons working for mining contractors and meets entirely behind closed doors, allowing no room for civil society to hold them to account. The ISA has regularly faced criticisms of a lack of transparency, accountability, and inclusivity and for its inappropriately close relationship with prospective deep sea mining companies.

Greenpeace is urging world leaders to step in and—at the very least—put in place a moratorium on deep sea mining to protect the ocean. 

Tanya Brooks

Senior Communications Specialist

Arrow indicating next article below

© PHOTOGRAPHER / Greenpeace

Cheniere Energy’s Cargo Emissions Tags: The Gas Industry’s Latest Greenwashing Scheme

By Tyler Kruse

As American natural gas producers work to cash in on Europe’s energy crisis, they are seeking to greenwash U.S. gas exports using various methane gas “certification” schemes. The latest example is Texas-based Cheniere Energy’s cargo emissions tags, which the company says it started providing to its customers in June of this year. A new report released by Greenpeace USA and Oil Change International finds that Cheniere’s new lifecycle emissions tags appear to be pinned to a misleading methane emissions analysis that woefully undercounts actual pollution.

Despite a lack of transparency and oversight, foreign energy buyers like France’s Engie and ESG investors like Japan’s SMBC are already acting on the assumption that Cheniere is implementing an effective emissions program. This report demonstrates the infirmities associated with Cheniere’s flawed methodology and its latest public relations campaign.

“For the oil and gas industry, delay is the new denial. Oil and gas companies have locked communities—like those near Cheniere’s Corpus Christi liquified natural gas plant—into decades of health impacts from air pollution. It’s time to stop falling for industry propaganda. President Biden must accelerate the transition to renewable energy by declaring a Climate Emergency that would protect communities and the climate.”
—Tim Donaghy, research manager at Greenpeace USA and co-author of the report

“The build out of new oil and gas infrastructure risks worsening air pollution in nearby communities.” It was recently reported that Cheniere’s Corpus Christi liquified natural gas plant has exceeded its permitted limits for emissions of pollutants such as soot, carbon monoxide, and volatile organic compounds hundreds of times since it started up in 2018. And earlier this year Cheniere asked the Biden administration to exempt its gas export terminals in Louisiana and Texas from limits on emissions of cancer-causing pollutants. Our new report provides further evidence that American gas exports are much dirtier and more harmful than industry proponents claim.

Scientists have known for years that natural gas production has a serious methane pollution problem that is not reflected in official EPA data. Our analysis of Cheniere’s published methodology indicates that they have not adequately accounted for this problem, and, as a result, their certifications may underestimate the true impact of their dirty fossil gas shipments. Cheniere’s cargo emissions tags are putting lipstick on a pig.

Tyler Kruse

Senior Climate and Energy Communications Specialist

Arrow indicating next article below

© PHOTOGRAPHER / Greenpeace

Bumble Bee—Good For Who?

By Malika Talwar

Bumble Bee Tuna’s latest marketing campaign is full of happy, smiling people, enjoying a taste of the products they confidently tout as healthy, nutritious, and “Good For You.” But a searing Greenpeace East Asia exposé has once again found that Bumble Bee may not be telling us the whole story. It finds that Bumble Bee is not doing enough to keep forced labor and environmental destruction out of their supply chain. After reading the report, we can’t help but wonder—Bumble Bee: #GoodForWho?

The report finds that of a sampling of 119 Taiwanese-flagged/owned vessels that supplied Bumble Bee, over 10% (13) had violated Taiwan Fishery Agency regulations and were on their Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated (IUU) list. The report also alleges that some vessels supplying Bumble Bee had reportedly engaged in shark finning and illegal fishing.

Additionally, Greenpeace East Asia’s interviews with fishers who worked aboard some of the vessels supplying Bumble Bee revealed that workers reportedly labored excessive overtime hours while having their wages withheld. Others stated that their personal documents were retained, a practice sometimes used by vessel operators or manning agencies to deter or prevent fishers from leaving or terminating their contracts early.

What this report makes clear is that Bumble Bee’s own transparency tool, Trace My Catch, which allows consumers to track where and how its tuna was caught, is not going to help us get answers to whether the tuna is tainted with environmental and human rights abuses. The information shared on this site is sometimes not only insufficient but also incorrect—making this tool a mere smokescreen for transparency.

Americans want better. We want to know that the seafood we’re eating is sourced sustainably. Bumble Bee, as one of the leading companies in the canned tuna market, and its Taiwanese parent company, Fong Chun Formosa (FCF), one of the top three global tuna traders, play important roles in the global tuna industry. They have the power to impact the health of our oceans and the lives of fishers at sea.

Bumble Bee has failed to take the full measure of this responsibility, despite repeated calls by Greenpeace and thousands of Americans alike to step up and clean up their supply chain. This is why, on September 29, 2022, Greenpeace USA activists brought the fight to Bumble Bee’s own backyard. During a Padres home game at Petco Park in San Diego, we unfurled a banner pointing to Bumble Bee’s headquarters that read “Bumble Bee: #GoodForWho?”

With this activity, the message to Bumble Bee is loud and clear: Bumble Bee and FCF must ensure more transparency in their supply chain and provide information that is comprehensive, correct, and readily available. They must also heed the demands of the thousands of Americans asking them to clean up their supply chain, protect the rights of workers, and safeguard our oceans. Now that truly would be not only “Good For You” but also good for people and the planet.

Malika Talwar

Senior Oceans Campaigner

Arrow indicating next article below

© PHOTOGRAPHER / Greenpeace

New Landmark Bill to Protect Free Speech From Baseless Legal Attacks

By Valentina Stackl

In September Representative Jamie Raskin (MD-8) introduced legislation to combat Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation, commonly referred to as “SLAPPs,” and it’s the nation’s first such bill at the federal level.

SLAPPs are frequently used by parties with deep pockets to intimidate or threaten journalists and frontline activists into silence. These cases have terrible consequences and costs for advocacy and media organizations. Even when wealthy individuals or corporations lose these suits, the lawsuits still drain money and time from the important missions of nonprofits. Greenpeace USA is being sued by multiple companies—including the company behind the Dakota Access Pipeline—collectively seeking more than $400 million in damages. These suits represent a genuine threat to Greenpeace USA’s existence.

“Oil and gas companies have hijacked our legal system in an attempt to silence voices like ours,” said Ebony Twilley Martin, co-Executive Director of Greenpeace USA. “We must stop this rash of SLAPPs that threaten free speech and truth in America. We were SLAPPed for uplifting voices from the Indigenous-led movement at Standing Rock, but we will not be silenced. We will fight these suits—not just for ourselves, but for everyone who uses their voice to speak out for a livable planet. This new legislation by Representative Raskin will help shift power back to the people and send a strong message to the corporations and millionaires who thought they could strip us of our rights and scare us into submission.”

Representative Raskin also hosted a Congressional hearing where experts, including Greenpeace USA Deputy General Counsel Deepa Padmanabha, testified on the dangers that SLAPPs pose to free speech and a healthy democracy. In her testimony she said, “Here we are, more than six years from when the first SLAPP was filed against us, still forced to invest time and resources into these legal battles that otherwise would have been used to protect communities and the environment from toxic pollution and the existential threat of climate change. While our window to fight the climate crisis continues to shrink, we have to win because the voices of those who protect our planet and our communities cannot be silenced.”


The fossil fuel industry has used SLAPPs widely in recent years. One report found that the industry used SLAPP tactics to target more than 150 people and organizations over the past 10 years. Over 50 have been targeted in the last five years alone. This bill will likely be re-introduced and voted on in the next Congress. Because State level anti-SLAPP bills have seen nonpartisan success in 32 states and the District of Columbia, we are optimistic that this landmark federal bill will also pass. We applaud Representative Raskin’s move to SLAPP-back with this legislation to protect free speech from baseless legal attacks.

Valentina Stackl

Senior Democracy and Climate Communications Specialist

Arrow indicating next article below

© PHOTOGRAPHER / Greenpeace

Big Wins for People and the Planet

California State Legislature votes to end neighborhood drilling
— After years of organizing and struggle, California’s frontline communities won big and will soon be breathing easier. The passing of a 3,200-foot public health setback in the California Legislature is a win that belongs to resilient communities who have shown that, by building power year after year, clean air and a livable future are possible. Despite vicious attacks against safety setbacks by the fossil fuel industry for years and two previously failed bills, California will finally begin the process of ending toxic neighborhood drilling. This is an incredible victory for the entire environmental justice movement that has been a long time coming.

South Africans celebrate court win to stop Shell’s destructive oil exploration — In September South African courts revoked Shell’s exploration “rights” to do seismic blasting off its beautiful Wild Coast, a massive victory for local communities fighting toxic fossil fuel companies to protect their livelihoods and our environment—including the whales and dolphins that would have been subject to deafening seismic blasts every 10 seconds.

The UN officially recognized the right to a healthy environment — An historic UN General Assembly resolution recognizes a clean, healthy, and sustainable environment as a universal human right. Landslide support for the resolution followed more than a decade of activism and advocacy by professionals, communities, and environmental justice movements all over the world. Climate and environmental litigation cases will now be bolstered by this resolution—it empowers the climate-vulnerable and emboldens judges to take firmer stances on the human right to a clean, healthy, and sustainable environment, and to order governments to hold polluters to account and guarantee higher environmental standards for present and future generations.

Indonesian migrant fishers win new regulation that ensures their protection and rights — The Indonesian government ratified a regulation that ensures the rights, protection, and employment of migrant fishers aboard foreign fishing vessels—a significant milestone towards curbing illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing and abuse within the industrial fishing industry. 

Arrow indicating next article below

© PHOTOGRAPHER / Greenpeace

Create Your Legacy for the Earth

What will your legacy be? Many environmental advocates like you create a lasting legacy to fight for the people, planet, and species they care about—and provide sustained support to Greenpeace’s initiatives.

One easy way to get started is to create a bequest in your estate plan. Courtesy of our partnership with FreeWill, you can now write a legal will 100% for free, and include the necessary language to create a lasting legacy gift with Greenpeace. This tool can also be paired with an attorney, and makes it simple to protect the people and causes you value.

Please visit to write a free will and create a legacy that preserves and protects the planet we call home for future generations.

The struggle to save our planet will continue long after we are gone. But that doesn’t mean that our voices become silent. By leaving a legacy to Greenpeace, you can continue to be an advocate for the planet that future generations will inherit. If you would like to know more about how you can remember Greenpeace in you estate plans, please contact Corrine Barr:

202-319-2413 [email protected]

© Markus Mauthe / Greenpeace

Greenpeace Logo

Co-Executive Directors

Annie Leonard

Ebony Twilley Martin

Editorial Staff

Campaigns Editor

Rebecca Pons

Development Editors

Elizabeth Bennett
Kate Hughes
Rogelio Ocampo

Editorial Staff

Photo Editor

Tim Aubry


Blair Miltenberger

Best in America - Certified by Independent Charities of America Greenpeace Fund, Inc. on Charity Navigator