Timeline of Greenpeace’s Arctic Sunrise seizure in the Arctic
by Cassady Craighill
September 23, 2013
From peaceful action to dramatic seizure: a timeline of events since the Arctic Sunrise took action September 18.
September 18, 2013
02.34–Four inflatables leave theArctic Sunriseheading towards Gazprom’s oil platform, thePrirazlomnaya. Activists attempt to climb and establish themselves on the outside structure of the platform to protest against imminent drilling.
They are here to peacefully protest against the Arctic oil rush, which threatens grave harm to the Arctic environment, as well as extracting more oil that humanity cannot afford to burn. ThePrirazlomnayais the first oil rig to start oil production in the ice-filled waters of the Arctic.Safety culture on the rig is a joke.
The nearby Russian Coast Guard ship quickly responds bylaunching inflatablesmanned with agents masked in balaclavas. They proceed to ram and slash the Greenpeace inflatables, threatenactivists at gun and knife pointand fire warning shots from automatic weapons. Further, the remaining crew onboard theArctic Sunrisecount 11 shots fired across the bow from the Coast Guard vessel’s artillery cannon.
The Coast Guard seizes activists Sini and Marco, who had managed to climb some way up before being forced to retreat by water cannons, taking themaboard their vessel.
The remaining activist returns to theArctic Sunrisethat stays in the vicinity but no closer than 3 nautical miles to thePrirazlomnaya.
17.28– Camila, a 21 year-old activist from Argentina,describesthe action in a blog post.
September 19, 2013
13.30– The Coast Guard describesMarco and Sini as ‘guests’but requests to speak to them from theArctic Sunriseand their lawyer go unanswered. As far as is known, no charges are read out.
16.35– TheArctic Sunrisealarm system is activated.Phone calls andtweetsfrom the ship report a helicopter hovering over the ship. FSB agents descend onto the deck by ropes. The boarding happensoutside Russian territorial watersin the Russian Exclusive Economic Zone. No legal basis is announced for several days.
Three people manage to lock themselves into the radio room from where they providean eyewitness account of developments on the ship.
They report an estimated 15-16 armed agents on board, who round upthe rest of the crew on the helicopter deck.
15.15– Around 40 minutes after boarding it appears the radio roomhas been broken into.
22.16–Russian state media reporttheArctic Sunriseis going to be taken to Murmansk, Russia.
September 20, 2013
12.03– Greenpeace confirms that theArctic Sunrisehasbegun to move Westin the direction of Murmansk, Russia. The phones on the ship are not answering.
13.00–Greenpeace respondsto aRussian media report,quoting a senior official on Gazprom’sPrirazlomnayaoil platform who describes a Greenpeace safety pod used in the protest as ‘resembling a bomb’. In reality the safety pod designed to keep the activists warm measures 3 meters long by 2 meters wide, is brightly coloured, and heavily branded with Greenpeace logos.
14.01 – Mark Rutte, Prime Minister of the Netherlands, flag state of the Arctic Sunrise, says that Russian authorities should have contacted the Netherlands before attempting any boarding of the ship.
September 21, 2013
15.20 – Professor Geert-Jan Knoops, a professor of international criminal law at the University of Utrecht, the Netherlands, is quoted in Dutch media saying:
“As far as the facts are known to me exactly, the Russian coast guard was not entitled [to board the ship]”.
15.45 – Still without any news from the Arctic Sunrise crew, Greenpeace International strongly rejects any allegation of piracy. It appears that the Russian government is grasping at straws to justify what was clearly an illegal boarding of the Arctic Sunrise in international waters.
September 22, 2013
16.35 – It has been 72 hours since Russian authorities seized the Arctic Sunrise in Russian EEZ without any legal basis.
September 23, 2013
11.57 – More than 40 environmental groups call for the immediate release of the 30 Greenpeace International activists being held under armed guard on the Arctic Sunrise under tow towards Murmansk.